What type of allergy is hay fever
Allergic rhinitis typically results from two conditions: family history/genetic predisposition to allergic disease and exposure to allergens.
Allergens are substances that produce an allergic response.
Children are not born with allergies but develop symptoms upon repeated exposure to environmental allergens. The earliest exposure is through foodâ€”and infants may develop eczema, nasal congestion, nasal discharge, and wheezing caused by one or more allergens (milk protein is the most common).
Allergies can also contribute to repeated ear infections in children. In early childhood, indoor exposure to dust mites, animal dander, and mold spores may cause an allergic reaction, often lasting throughout the year. Outdoor allergens including pollen from trees, grasses, and weeds primarily cause seasonal symptoms.
The number of patients with allergic rhinitis has increased in the past decade, especially in urban areas.
Before adolescence, twice as numerous boys as girls are affected; however, after adolescence, females are slightly more affected than males. Researchers own found that children born to a large family with several older siblings and day care attendance seem to own less likelihood of developing allergic disease later in life.
Check if you own hay fever
Symptoms of hay fever include:
- itchy, red or watery eyes
- loss of smell
- itchy throat, mouth, nose and ears
- pain around your temples and forehead
- sneezing and coughing
- a runny or blocked nose
- feeling tired
If you own asthma, you might also:
- have a tight feeling in your chest
- be short of breath
- wheeze and cough
Hay fever will final for weeks or months, unlike a freezing, which generally goes away after 1 to 2 weeks.
A pharmacist can assist with hay fever
Speak to your pharmacist if you own hay fever.
They can give advice and propose the best treatments, love antihistamine drops, tablets or nasal sprays to assist with:
- itchy and watery eyes and sneezing
- a blocked nose
Find a pharmacy
Non-urgent advice: See a GP if:
- your symptoms are getting worse
- your symptoms do not improve after taking medicines from the pharmacy
How to treat hay fever yourself
There’s currently no cure for hay fever and you cannot prevent it.
But you can do things to ease your symptoms when the pollen count is high.
- shower and change your clothes after you own been exterior to wash pollen off
- stay indoors whenever possible
- wear wraparound sunglasses to stop pollen getting into your eyes
- vacuum regularly and dust with a damp cloth
- hold windows and doors shut as much as possible
- put Vaseline around your nostrils to trap pollen
- purchase a pollen filter for the air vents in your car and a vacuum cleaner with a special HEPA filter
- do not spend too much time exterior
- do not hold unused flowers in the home
- do not smoke or be around smoke – it makes your symptoms worse
- do not dry clothes exterior – they can catch pollen
- do not cut grass or stroll on grass
- do not let pets into the home if possible – they can carry pollen indoors
Allergy UK has more tips on managing hay fever.
What causes hay fever
Hay fever is an allergic reaction to pollen, typically when it comes into contact with your mouth, nose, eyes and throat.
Pollen is a fine powder from plants.
Check the pollen forecast
Media final reviewed: 21 April 2017
Media review due: 21 April 2020
Sheet final reviewed: 21 December 2017
Next review due: 21 December 2020
Allergic rhinitis (hay fever) is an especially common chronic nasal problem in adolescents and young adults. Allergies to inhalants love pollen, dust, and animal dander start to cause sinus and nasal symptoms in early childhood.
Infants and young children are especially susceptible to allergic sensitivity to foods and indoor allergens.
Treatments for hay fever from a GP
Your GP might prescribe steroids.
If steroids and other hay fever treatments do not work, your GP may refer you for immunotherapy.
This means you’ll be given little amounts of pollen as an injection or tablet to slowly build up your immunity to pollen.
This helpful of treatment generally starts in the winter about 3 months before the hay fever season begins.