What to give my 2 year old for allergies
Unfortunately, penicillin allergies can be harder to diagnose than most parents can imagine. A study in the journal Pediatrics found that children whose parents said they had penicillin allergy based on family history or what the researchers referred to as low-risk symptoms (rash, itching, vomiting, diarrhea, runny nose, and cough) did not own an allergy to penicillin.
For one thing, there is often the confusion as to whether a kid is actually having an allergic reaction or simply has a viral rash.
Roseola, for example, is a classic viral infection that causes fever for several days and is followed by a rash once the fever breaks.
There are also some drug reactions that can cause rashes that are not antibody-mediated.
These cell-mediated, delayed hypersensitivity reactions often happen when the kid is taking an antibiotic and also has a viral infection. This type of morbilliform drug rash may be itchy as is often described as "widespread pink-to-salmon-colored macules and papules that generally start on the head, neck, or upper trunk then spread symmetrically downward and become confluent."
And remember that even if your kid is having a true allergic reaction, it could be caused by something else and his taking penicillin could be a coincidence. Numerous other things besides penicillin can trigger allergic reactions and hives, including:
- Other medications
- Additives in foods or medications, such as the food dye tartrazine (Yellow No.
- Infections, especially viral infections
- Foods, especially peanuts, eggs, tree nuts, milk, shellfish, wheat, and soy
- Exposure to heat, freezing, or water, regardless of temperature
- Insect bites and stings
- Dermographism, physical urticaria in which hives are triggered by stroking or scratching the skin
If your kid is already allergic to several antibiotics or if you would love to confirm whether or not your kid is really allergic to penicillin, a pediatric allergist might act out allergy skin testing to assist with the diagnosis.
In addition to stopping the penicillin that might be triggering your child's allergic reaction, your kid will likely be treated with an antihistamine, such as Benadryl (diphenhydramine), to relieve symptoms of hives and itching.
Getting assist for allergies
See a GP if you ponder you or your kid might own had an allergic reaction to something.
The symptoms of an allergic reaction can also be caused by other conditions.
A GP can assist determine whether it’s likely you own an allergy.
If they ponder you might own a mild allergy, they can offer advice and treatment to assist manage the condition.
If your allergy is particularly severe or it’s not clear what you’re allergic to, they may refer you to an allergy specialist for testing and advice about treatment.
Find out more about allergy testing
Symptoms of an allergic reaction
Allergic reactions generally happen quickly within a few minutes of exposure to an allergen.
They can cause:
- red, itchy, watery eyes
- a runny or blocked nose
- a red, itchy rash
- wheezing and coughing
- worsening of asthma or eczema symptoms
Most allergic reactions are mild, but occasionally a severe reaction called anaphylaxis or anaphylactic shock can happen.
This is a medical emergency and needs urgent treatment.
Symptoms of a Penicillin Allergy
A penicillin allergy can cause life-threatening allergic reactions, but fortunately, most kids with a penicillin allergy own more mild reactions, leading to simple skin rashes such as hives.
Children with more severe symptoms will experience hives as well as wheezing, difficulty breathing or swallowing, or swelling in their mouth or throat, as well as anaphylaxis—a serious allergic reaction.
How Anaphylaxis Is Treated
If your kid just has hives (also called urticaria), you will likely notice red or pink raised areas on your child's skin that are itchy, varied in size, and come and go over several hours. They often don't go away completely, though.
Instead, older hives go away in one part of your child's body, while new ones continue to appear somewhere else. Any individual hive shouldn't final more than 24 hours. If it does, then your kid may own a similar skin rash, such as erythema multiforme, and not simple hives.
Erythema multiforme is a type of allergic reaction that can also be caused by a penicillin allergy or things love other drugs, bacterial infections, or viral infections.
Unlike hives, which come and go, the rash from erythema multiforme generally continues to spread and may final for one to two weeks.
Other symptoms of erythema multiforme can include fever, joint aches, mouth sores, and red eyes.
Substances that cause allergic reactions are called allergens.
The more common allergens include:
- insect bites and stings
- grass and tree pollen – an allergy to these is known as hay fever (allergic rhinitis)
- animal dander, tiny flakes of skin or hair
- mould – these can release little particles into the air that you can breathe in
- medicines – including ibuprofen, aspirin and certain antibiotics
- food – particularly nuts, fruit, shellfish, eggs and cows’ milk
- dust mites
- latex – used to make some gloves and condoms
- household chemicals – including those in detergents and hair dyes
Most of these allergens are generally harmless to people who are not allergic to them.
What You Need to Know About Penicillin Allergies
Other things to know about penicillin allergies include that:
- Although an allergic reaction may be triggered within minutes to hours of taking a dose of penicillin, it may take days or weeks for an antibiotic to trigger hives in your kid.
Also, your kid may own taken the antibiotic and not had a reaction before, and then suddenly has a reaction the next time he takes it.
- If your kid is allergic to penicillin, then he should also avoid amoxicillin, Amoxil, Augmentin, and any other penicillin-like antibiotics.
- Most experts ponder that kids with an allergy to penicillin can take cephalosporin-type antibiotics although there is a little risk of having an allergic reaction to this type of antibiotic, too.
- Remind your pediatrician if your kid is allergic to penicillin whenever you get a prescription.
Although they likely own an 'allergy warning' in the child's chart, it is excellent to be safe and give them a reminder.
- Antibiotics should be prescribed only in extremely specific circumstances.
Antibiotics should not be given "just in case" the kid needs them, or for any straightforward viral infection, as this can lead to unnecessary side effects and complications.
Most importantly, hold in mind that numerous parents ponder their children are allergic to penicillin when in fact they aren't. A pediatric allergist can assist to figure out if your kid is really allergic to penicillin.
Because penicillin allergies are common, if your kid is taking penicillin and has an allergic reaction, your pediatrician will often just assume it is being caused by penicillin and simply avoid that antibiotic in the future
An allergy is a reaction the body has to a specific food or substance.
Allergies are extremely common.
They’re thought to affect more than 1 in 4 people in the UK at some point in their lives.
They’re particularly common in children. Some allergies go away as a kid gets older, although many are lifelong.
Adults can develop allergies to things they were not previously allergic to.
Having an allergy can be a nuisance and affect your everyday activities, but most allergic reactions are mild and can be largely kept under control.
Severe reactions can occasionally happen, but these are uncommon.