What makes allergies worse at night
Allergic rhinitis is caused by the immune system reacting to an allergen as if it were harmful.
This results in cells releasing a number of chemicals that cause the inside layer of your nose (the mucous membrane) to become swollen and too much mucus to be produced.
Common allergens that cause allergic rhinitis include pollen (this type of allergic rhinitis is known as hay fever), as well as mould spores, home dust mites, and flakes of skin or droplets of urine or saliva from certain animals.
Find out more about the causes of allergic rhinitis
Treating and preventing allergic rhinitis
It’s hard to completely avoid potential allergens, but you can take steps to reduce exposure to a specific allergen you know or suspect is triggering your allergic rhinitis.
This will assist improve your symptoms.
If your condition is mild, you can also assist reduce the symptoms by taking over-the-counter medications, such as non-sedating antihistamines, and by regularly rinsing your nasal passages with a salt water solution to hold your nose free of irritants.
See a GP for advice if you own tried taking these steps and they own not helped.
They may prescribe a stronger medication, such as a nasal spray containing corticosteroids.
Allergic rhinitis can lead to complications in some cases.
- sinusitis – an infection caused by nasal inflammation and swelling that prevents mucus draining from the sinuses
- nasal polyps – abnormal but non-cancerous (benign) sacs of fluid that grow inside the nasal passages and sinuses
- middle ear infections – infection of part of the ear located directly behind the eardrum
These problems can often be treated with medication, although surgery is sometimes needed in severe or long-term cases.
Find out more about the complications of allergic rhinitis
When to see a GP
Visit a GP if the symptoms of allergic rhinitis are disrupting your sleep, preventing you carrying out everyday activities, or adversely affecting your performance at work or school.
A diagnosis of allergic rhinitis will generally be based on your symptoms and any possible triggers you may own noticed.
If the cause of your condition is uncertain, you may be referred for allergy testing.
Find out more about diagnosing allergic rhinitis
Can I get allergies while I’m pregnant?
Yes, you can get allergies while you’re pregnant, sometimes for the first time and certainly if you own a history of them.
Allergies are extremely common in pregnancy, and not every women who experience them are long-term allergy sufferers. Numerous women with no known prior allergies only complain of their symptoms during pregnancy.
Not every cases of rhinitis are caused by an allergic reaction.
Some cases are the result of:
- oversensitive blood vessels in the nose
- an infection, such as the common cold
- overuse of nasal decongestants
This type of rhinitis is known as non-allergic rhinitis.
Sheet final reviewed: 29 April 2019
Next review due: 29 April 2022
(ARA) As most allergy sufferers will tell you, allergy symptoms can always be bothersome, turning any time of year into sneezing season.
A runny nose, itchy eyes and scratchy throat can arise as the days get shorter and the leaves start to change.
The drop can be especially hard for people who are sensitive to mold and ragweed pollen.But these seasonal elements aren t the only triggers that can make symptoms worse this time of year. There are also a few lesser known triggers.Here are four things you might not know about drop allergies, courtesy of the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology:
* Hay Fever? — Hay fever, a term from a bygone era, actually has nothing to do with hay.
Instead, it s a general term used to describe the symptoms of tardy summer allergies. Ragweed is a common cause of hay fever, which is also known as allergic rhinitis. The plant generally begins to pollenate in mid-August and may continue to be a problem until a hard freeze, depending on where you live. See an allergist for prescription medications to control symptoms or to see if allergy shots may be your best option.
* Lingering Warm Weather While most people enjoy Indian summer, unseasonably warm temperatures can make rhinitis symptoms final longer. Mold spores can also be released when humidity is high, or the weather is dry and windy. Be certain to start taking medications before your symptoms start. Track your allergy symptoms with MyNasalAllergyJournal.org and visit with your allergist to discover relief.
* Pesky Leaves — Some folks might discover it hard to hold up with raking leaves throughout the autumn. But for allergy sufferers, raking presents its own problem. It can stir agitating pollen and mold into the air, causing allergy and asthma symptoms. Those with allergies should wear an NIOSH rated N95mask when raking leaves, mowing the lawn and gardening.
* School Allergens — It s not only seasonal pollen and mold that triggers allergies this time of year.
Kids are often exposed to classroom irritants and allergy triggers.These can include chalk dust and classroom pets. Students with food allergies may also be exposed to allergens in the lunch room.Kids with exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) may experience attacks during recess or gym class.
Assist your kid understand what can trigger their allergies and asthma, and how they can avoid symptoms. Be certain to notify teachers and the school nurse of any emergency medications, such as quick relief inhalers and epinephrine.
No matter the season, it s significant for those who ponder they may be suffering from allergies or asthma to see a board-certified allergist. An allergist can assist you develop a treatment plan, which caninclude both medication and avoidance techniques.
Having your allergies properly identified and treated will assist you and your family enjoy the season. To discover an allergist and study more about allergies and asthma, visit www.AllergyandAsthmaRelief.org.
Allergic reactions are common.
The immune response that causes an allergic reaction is similar to the response that causes hay fever. Most reactions happen soon after contact with an allergen.
Many allergic reactions are mild, while others can be severe and life threatening. They can be confined to a little area of the body, or they may affect the entire body. The most severe form is called anaphylaxis or anaphylactic shock. Allergic reactions happen more often in people who own a family history of allergies.
Substances that don’t annoy most people (such as venom from bee stings and certain foods, medicines, and pollens) can trigger allergic reactions in certain people.
First-time exposure may produce only a mild reaction.
Repeated exposures may lead to more serious reactions. Once a person has had an exposure or an allergic reaction (is sensitized), even a extremely limited exposure to a extremely little quantity of allergen can trigger a severe reaction.
Most severe allergic reactions happen within seconds or minutes after exposure to the allergen.
Some reactions can happen after several hours, particularly if the allergen causes a reaction after it has been eaten. In extremely rare cases, reactions develop after 24 hours.
Anaphylaxis is a sudden and severe allergic reaction that occurs within minutes of exposure. Immediate medical attention is needed for this condition. Without treatment, anaphylaxis can get worse extremely quickly and lead to death within 15 minutes.
If sneezing, sniffling and itchy eyes began plaguing you for the extremely first time during pregnancy, you may be wondering whether having a baby bump triggered seasonal allergies.
If you are a known allergy sufferer, you’re probably wondering if and how your pregnancy might affect your symptoms.
For one, pregnancy-related nasal congestion, not allergies, could be behind every the sneezes and stuffiness. But how can you tell the difference?
Here’s what you need to know about allergies during pregnancy, including what medications are safe to take while you’re expecting.
Symptoms of allergic rhinitis
Allergic rhinitis typically causes cold-like symptoms, such as sneezing, itchiness and a blocked or runny nose.
These symptoms usually start soon after being exposed to an allergen.
Some people only get allergic rhinitis for a few months at a time because they’re sensitive to seasonal allergens, such as tree or grass pollen.
Other people get allergic rhinitis every year round.
Most people with allergic rhinitis own mild symptoms that can be easily and effectively treated.
But for some people symptoms can be severe and persistent, causing sleep problems and interfering with everyday life.
The symptoms of allergic rhinitis occasionally improve with time, but this can take numerous years and it’s unlikely that the condition will vanish completely.