What kind of medicine can i give my dog for allergies
Atopy is the medical term for allergy and is defined by Merriam Webster’s dictionary as:
A genetic disposition to develop an allergic reaction (such as allergic rhinitis or asthma) and produce elevated levels of IgE upon exposure to an environmental antigen and especially one inhaled or ingested.
Dogs with atopy are more likely to show skin symptoms than respiratory symptoms love humans. Atopic dermatitis is the term veterinarians use for skin allergy symptoms in dogs.
It’s similar to eczema in humans.
The simple explanation of atopic dermatitis is that your dog’s immune system misidentifies normal substances as foreign invaders. When your pup breaths in plant pollen, his immune system reacts as if the body is under attack. The immune reaction leads to the symptoms we see in dogs with atopic dermatitis.
Typical Canine Allergy Symptoms
The most common skin allergy symptoms in dogs are:
- Pruritus (itchy skin)–licking, scratching, rubbing, etc.
- Pink or red skin
- Hair loss
- Bumps, scabs and sores on the skin
- Red, weepy or mucous-filled eyes
- Ear inflammation
Areas of the body that are most affected are around the eyes, mouth, lower chest, stomach, legs, ears and around the anus.
Dogs start showing symptoms of atopy when they’re around 1 to 3 years of age.
Symptoms tend to be worse in certain seasons, especially spring and autumn.
How to Treat Dog Allergies
For dogs with severe allergy symptoms, veterinarian prescribed medications can bring quick relief. The older medications contain corticosteroids (most people just call them steroids) love prednisone. These drugs suppress the overactive immune system just enough to bring relief.
Steroids work well, but can cause side effects love increased thirst, urination, appetite and panting.
Long-term use of steroids can cause serious health problems and is best avoided.
Newer medications also work to turn off certain overactive immune responses but without the side effects of a steroid. Two medications that own proven effective in treating atopic dermatitis are a pill called Apoquel (oclacitinib) and an injection called Cytopoint (Canine Atopic Dermatitis Immunotherapeutic).
Enquire your vet for more information.
Over the Counter Medications and Home Remedies
Dogs with mild allergy symptoms (mild to moderate scratching but no sores) may reply well to home treatment with over the counter medications. These are generally safe for healthy adult dogs but enquire your veterinarian first if your dog has other health issues or is less than one year old.
- Strict control of fleas. Use veterinarian prescribed flea preventives for your dog and treat your home with Flea Busters powder.
- Antihistamines. There are several to attempt.
You can start with one and if it doesn’t assist after a week, move to the next one. Here’s a excellent list of antihistamines with recommended dosages for dogs: antihistamines for dogs.
- Medicated shampoos, conditioners, and sprays. Oatmeal, pramoxine, and hydrocortisone can bring short-term relief to itchy dogs. Plan on bathing your dog 1 to 3 times a week during allergy flare-ups.
- Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements. Use as directed on the label. It can take up to 6 weeks to see the full effects of the supplement.
Relief of allergic dog itch at endless last!
Just one CYTOPOINT injection starts controlling allergic itch within one day and provides relief that lasts for 4 to 8 weeks.*1 That means your dog may be capable to go as endless as 8 weeks1 between injections.
How does CYTOPOINT work?
CYTOPOINT is not love traditional pharmaceutical treatments for allergic dog itch.
It is a biological medication (a protein, not a chemical) that works love your dog’s own immune system to block the main protein that sends signals that trigger allergic itch.2,3
The itch cycle in dogs with allergic itch
Other Tips for Dogs with Allergies
- Thorough and consistent house cleaning.
Dogs can be allergic to dust (pollen) and dust mites. Vacuum frequently with a excellent vacuum cleaner, wash bedding weekly and minimize the use of carpet and cloth furnishings.
- Keep windows closed during your dog’s allergy season. This will decrease pollen entering the home where your dog spends a lot of time.
- Use a good air purifier with HEPA technology.
- Minimize your dog’s contact with grass, especially while it’s being mowed. Grass allergies are common, but grass also collects pollen from other plants.
- Rinse your pet after walking him outdoors. Even if you’re not bathing him daily, a excellent rinse can remove irritating pollens from his feet and coat.
- Avoid walking your dog before a.m. when pollen levels tend to be high.
Also, avoid walking him outdoors on windy days as pollen levels increase as the wind jostles blooming plants.
Dogs and cats can be allergic to dust, plants, pollens, and molds – just love humans! Allergies in dogs most often manifest as itchy eyes, chewing or licking of the feet, rashes, full-body itchiness, head shaking, ear scratching, boiling spots, and sneezing. Purebred dogs, young animals, and animals moving to a new part of the country are every at higher risk, but allergies can essentially happen to any dog, at any time of their life.
There is no definitive cure for allergies in dogs or cats, but there’s a lot you can do to mitigate symptoms and hold your pup comfortable through allergy season.
Make Certain it is Allergies
First thing you desire to do is to talk to your vet to confirm that your pet has allergies, and not something else! The symptoms are wide and can be brought upon a number of underlying conditions, so let’s just cross everything else off.
We also desire to be certain that your pet hasn’t developed infections from every the itching and licking, or developed other allergy-related health conditions. Depending on the severity of allergies, your vet may recommend a visit to a veterinary dermatologist.
For Dogs & Cats: Start Excellent Health Habits
A excellent monthly parasite prevention is critical for managing allergies in dogs and cats. Bites from fleas, mites, and ticks can make allergic skin disease worse. You also desire to be certain your pet is eating high-quality foods, and that a food allergy isn’t contributing to their symptoms.
Daily use of probiotics can also assist mitigate allergic conditions. Omega 3 and 6 fatty acids are known for their anti-inflammatory effects and are a grand addition to improve skin and jacket health. These work especially well in combination with antihistamines (more on those below). Fish oil is an excellent source of Omega 3 and 6 fatty acids.
For dogs, the daily addition of a little quantity (less than ½ teaspoon) of local honey (make certain it’s local!) exposes your pet to a extremely little quantity of local pollens.
The goal is to desensitize the immune system. Hold in mind this is a long-term treatment ( months) and won’t work for every pet. Don’t do this if your pet is diabetic or has other metabolic diseases!
For Dogs: Frequent Bathing
Bathing your dog times weekly can assist wash away pollens and soothe irritated skin. Colloidal oatmeal is grand for calming some dogs’ itchy skin.
If your pet’s skin is extremely irritated (or at risk of skin infection with open sores), there are medicated shampoos with antibiotic and anti-fungal properties that you can get through your vet. Always remember to wipe your pet below after a journey outdoors using grooming wipes or a damp washcloth to remove pollens on the skin. Focus on the areas your pet itches the most. Generally this means the paws (between toes!), stomach, groin, armpits, under the tail, and the muzzle.
Hold those ears squeaky clean! Bacteria and yeast naturally live in your pets ears; when allergies flare, inflammation increases risk of infection.
For Dogs: Allergy Meds
The most common medications for allergies in dogs are antihistamines. They can provide grand relief for some, but not every will pups benefit. Check with the Fuzzy Veterinary team first to be certain it won’t interfere with other medical conditions or medications.
You can give your dog Benadryl (diphenhydramine) times daily at 1mg per pound of body weight. For instance, a pound dog can get 12mg, which is equal to one children’s Benadryl or ½ an adult dose. A pound dog would need 50mg, or two adult Benadryl. Benadryl may cause drowsiness. Zyrtec (cetirizine) or Claritin (loratadine) can be given once to twice daily. The adult tablets are both 10mg. Dogs under 10 pounds should get no more than 5mg, or ½ of a tablet. Those weighing pounds should get 10mg, and heavy dogs (over 50 pounds) can take up to 20mg.
For Cats: Allergy Meds
The most common medications for allergies in cats are antihistamines.
They can provide grand relief for some, but not every will benefit. Check with the Fuzzy Veterinary team first to be certain it won’t interfere with other medical conditions or medications.
You can give your cat Zyrtec (cetirizine) — 5mg (1/2 tablet) once daily (one full tablet of adult Zyrtec is 10mg).
CYTOPOINT® is an injection that controls allergic dog itch for 4 to 8 weeks*
CYTOPOINT is a safe, effective, long-lasting treatment to assist control itch due to allergic or atopic dermatitis. It is an injection that is given by your veterinarian that targets itch at its source.
CYTOPOINT works love your dog’s own immune system. It is specifically designed to target and neutralize one of the main proteins that send itch signals to your dog’s brain that triggers scratching, licking, and chewing.
CYTOPOINT blocks signals that trigger allergic itch, so the constant scratching can stop, and red irritated skin can heal.
In fact, in a study, CYTOPOINT helped damaged skin start to heal within 7 days.1