What is wheat allergy in hindi
Grain dust is the dust produced from the harvesting, drying, handling, storage or processing of barley, wheat, oats, maize or rye and includes any contaminants or additives within the dust (eg. bacteria, endotoxin, fungal spores, insects and insect debris, pesticide residues).
Health risks are also likely to arise from exposure to dusts produced by other types of grain, eg.
rice, sorghum, pulses (such as soya bean), peas and various oilseeds (such as rapeseed).
Does this concern me?
Respiratory disease (a disease affecting our lungs and breathing tubes) is a major occupational health risk, for example, in agriculture the number of occupational asthma cases is double the national average. Studies own shown that workers exposures to grain dust can be substantial.
Workers with occupational respiratory disease may develop permanent breathing problems, becoming disabled, and unable to work. This not only affects individual workers, but has wider cost implications for employers and the grain industry as a whole.
Where might you be exposed to grain dust?
Vast quantities of grains are imported, exported, produced and used in Britain.
Grains pass through a large number of handling operations and the generation of dust is therefore widespread.
- flour mills and food factories;
- animal feed mills, feed blenders and feed compounders;
- docks and grain terminals;
- maltings, breweries and distilleries;
- commercial stores; and
- transportation of grain.
Processes that create grain dust include:
- cleaning, dressing and drying grain;
- transferring grain in or out of grain stores or terminals;
- feeding dry milled grain;
- milling and mixing dry grain;
- maintenance of plant and equipment;
- moving grain about in a grain store;
- harvesting grain and transferring grain from combines into trailers;
- cleaning of buildings, vehicles, plant and equipment using compressed air or by manual/mechanical sweeping; and
- silo cleaning.
Eye and skin effects
Eye and skin irritation are frequent reactions to grain dust exposure and include symptoms such as:
- conjunctivitis (watery or prickly eyes);
- itchy skin and skin rashes.
What does the law say?
The law requires employers to adequately control exposure to materials in the workplace that cause ill health.
This includes controlling exposure to grain dust. Employers and employees need to comply with the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002 (as amended) (COSHH).
They require employers to:
- assess risks;
- provide adequate control measures and make certain they are used and maintained;
- provide information, instruction and training; and
- provide health surveillance.
Our respiratory or breathing system includes the mouth, nose, lungs and the tubes that join them. Occupational respiratory disease is a medical term used to describe diseases caused by, or made worse by, something you breathe in while at work, eg grain dust.