What is the symptoms of throat allergies
In rare cases, an allergy can lead to a severe allergic reaction, called anaphylaxis or anaphylactic shock, which can be life threatening.
This affects the whole body and usually develops within minutes of exposure to something you’re allergic to.
Signs of anaphylaxis include any of the symptoms above, as well as:
Anaphylaxis is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment.
Read more about anaphylaxis for information about what to do if it occurs.
How Common Is Strep Throat?
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that there are several million cases of infection with Group A strep bacteria in the United States each year.
Out of these millions of cases, between 11,000 and 13,000 are invasive infections, meaning that the bacteria spreads to areas love the inner skin layers, blood, and lungs. (2)
Worldwide, strep throat affects as numerous as 616 million people each year, according to an article published in February 2016 in the volume Streptococcus pyogenes: Basic Biology to Clinical Manifestations, published by the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Middle. (3)
Strep throat is more common at certain times of the year.
“During winter and spring, you tend to see more patients coming in with this,” says Nipunie S.
Rajapakse, MD, a pediatric infectious disease specialist at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota.
According to the CDC, acute rheumatic fever — the most dangerous potential complication of strep throat — is exceedingly rare in the continental United States, with 0.04 to 0.06 cases per 1,000 children each year. Hawaii is an exception to this extremely low rate, with as numerous as 0.1 cases per 1,000 children each year, and an even higher rate among Hawaiian residents of Samoan origin. (4)
Sore throat is also called pharyngitis. It is a symptom of numerous conditions, but is most often associated with colds or influenza .
Sore throat may be caused by either viral or bacterial infections or environmental conditions. Most sore throats heal without complications, but they should not be ignored, as some develop into serious illnesses.
Sore throats can be either acute or chronic. Acute sore throats are more common than chronic sore throats. They appear suddenly and final from three to about seven days. A chronic sore throat lasts much longer and is a symptom of an unresolved underlying condition or disease, such as a sinus infection.
The way in which a sore throat is transmitted depends on the agent causing the sore throat. Viral and bacterial sore throats are generally passed in the same way as the common freezing : sneezing, coughing, sharing drinking glasses or silverware, or in any other way germ particles can easily move from one person to another.
Some sore throats are caused by environmental factors or allergies .
These sore throats cannot be passed from one person to another.
It is simple for people to tell if they own a sore throat, but hard to know what has caused it without laboratory tests.
Most sore throats are minor and heal without any complications. A little number of bacterial sore throats do develop into serious diseases. Because of this, it is advisable to see a doctor if a sore throat lasts more than a few days or is accompanied by fever, nausea , or abdominal pain.
Diagnosis of a sore throat by a doctor begins with a physical examination of the throat and chest. The doctor will also glance for signs of other illness, such as a sinus infection or bronchitis .
Since both bacterial and viral sore throat are contagious and pass easily from person to person, the doctor will seek information about whether the patient has been around other people with flu, sore throat, colds, or strep throat. If it appears that the patient may own strep throat, the doctor will do laboratory tests.
If mononucleosis is suspected, the doctor may do a mono spot test to glance for antibodies indicating the presence of the Epstein-Barr virus.
The strep test is inexpensive, takes only a few minutes, and can be done in a physician's office.
An inexpensive blood test can also determine the presence of antibodies to the mononucleosis virus.
Sore throat is a painful inflammation of the mucous membranes lining the pharynx.
Causes and symptoms
Sore throats own numerous diverse causes, and may or may not be accompanied by freezing symptoms, fever , or swollen lymph glands.
Proper treatment depends on understanding the cause of the sore throat.
Noninfectious sore throat
Not every sore throats are caused by infection. Postnasal drip can irritate the throat and make it sore.
It can be caused by hay fever and other allergies that irritate the sinuses. Environmental and other conditions, such as breathing secondhand smoke, breathing polluted air or chemical fumes, or swallowing substances that burn or scratch the throat can also cause pharyngitis. Dry air, love that in airplanes or from forced boiling air furnaces, can make the throat sore. Children who breathe through their mouths at night because of nasal congestion often get sore throats that improve as the day progresses. Sore throat caused by environmental conditions is not contagious.
Viral sore throat
Viruses cause most sore throats. Freezing and flu viruses are the main culprits. These viruses cause an inflammation in the throat and occasionally the tonsils ( tonsillitis ). Freezing symptoms generally accompany a viral sore throat. These can include a runny nose, cough , congestion, hoarseness, conjunctivitis , and fever. The level of throat pain varies from uncomfortable to excruciating, when it is painful for the patient to eat, breathe, swallow, or speak.
Another group of viruses that causes sore throat are the adenoviruses. These may also cause infections of the lungs and ears. In addition to a sore throat, symptoms that accompany an adenovirus infection include cough, runny nose, white bumps on the tonsils and throat, mild diarrhea , vomiting , and a rash. The sore throat lasts about one week.
A third type of virus that can cause severe sore throat is the coxsackie virus. It can cause a disease called herpangina. Although anyone can get herpangina, it is most common in children up to age 10 and is more prevalent in the summer or early autumn. Herpangina is sometimes called summer sore throat.
Three to six days after being exposed to the coxsackie virus, an infected person develops a sudden sore throat that is accompanied by a substantial fever, generally between 102–104°F (38.9–40°C). Tiny grayish-white blisters form on the throat and in the mouth.
These fester and become little ulcers. Throat pain is often severe, interfering with swallowing. Children may become dehydrated if they are reluctant to eat or drink because of the pain. In addition, children with herpangina may vomit, own abdominal pain, and generally feel extremely ill.
One other common cause of a viral sore throat is mononucleosis. Mononucleosis occurs when the Epstein-Barr virus infects one specific type of lymphocyte. The infection spreads to the lymphatic system, respiratory system, liver, spleen, and throat. Symptoms appear 30–50 days after exposure.
Mononucleosis, sometimes called the kissing disease, is extremely common.
It is estimated that by the age of 35–40, 80–95 percent of Americans will own had mononucleosis. Often, symptoms are mild, especially in young children, and are diagnosed as a freezing. Since symptoms are more severe in adolescents and adults, more cases are diagnosed as mononucleosis in this age group. One of the main symptoms of mononucleosis is a severe sore throat.
Although a runny nose and cough are much more likely to accompany a sore throat caused by a virus than one caused by a bacteria, there is no absolute way to tell what is causing the sore throat without a laboratory test.
Bacterial sore throat
Fewer sore throats are caused by bacteria than are caused by viruses. The most common bacterial sore throat results from an infection by group A Streptococcus . This type of infection is commonly called strep throat. Anyone can get strep throat, but it is most common in school age children.
When to call the doctor
If the kid has had a sore throat and fever for more than 24 hours, a doctor should be contacted so a strep test can be performed. Identifying and treating strep throat within about a week is vital to preventing rheumatic fever . If the kid has had a sore throat, even without fever, for more than 48 hours, the doctor should be consulted.
If the kid has trouble swallowing or breathing, or is drooling excessively (in little children), emergency medical attention should be sought immediately.
Almost everyone gets a sore throat at one time or another, although children in kid care or grade school own them more often than adolescents and adults. Sore throats are most common during the winter months when upper respiratory infections (colds) are more frequent.
About 10 percent of children who go to the doctor each year own pharyngitis. Forty percent of the time that children are taken to the doctor with a sore throat, the sore throat is diagnosed as viral.
An antibiotic cannot assist to cure a virus; a virus has to be left to run its course.
In about 30 percent of the cases for which children are taken to the doctor, bacteria are found to be responsible for the sore throat. Numerous of these bacterial sore throats are cases of strep throat . Sore throats caused by bacteria can be successfully treated with antibiotics .
In about 40 percent of these cases of pharyngitis, it is never clear what caused the sore throat. In these cases it is possible that the virus or bacteria was not identified, or that other factors such as environment or post-nasal drip may own been responsible.
Main allergy symptoms
Common symptoms of an allergic reaction include:
- tummy pain, feeling ill, vomiting or diarrhoea
- itchy, red, watering eyes (conjunctivitis)
- a raised, itchy, red rash (hives)
- wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath and a cough
- swollen lips, tongue, eyes or face
- sneezing and an itchy, runny or blocked nose (allergic rhinitis)
- dry, red and cracked skin
The symptoms vary depending on what you’re allergic to and how you come into contact with it.
For example, you may have a runny nose if exposed to pollen, develop a rash if you own a skin allergy, or feel sick if you eat something you’re allergic to.
See your GP if you or your kid might own had an allergic reaction to something. They can assist determine whether the symptoms are caused by an allergy or another condition.
Read more about diagnosing allergies.