What is good for sore throat from allergies
Sore throats are generally caused by viruses (like freezing or flu) or from smoking. Extremely occasionally they can be caused by bacteria.
- redness in the back of the mouth
- bad breath
- a painful throat, especially when swallowing
- a mild cough
- a dry, scratchy throat
- swollen neck glands
The symptoms are similar for children, but children can also get a temperature and appear less active.
Sheet final reviewed: 15 January 2018
Next review due: 15 January 2021
Untreated, as numerous as one in ten children with Step throat will develop Scarlet Fever, although the incidence is markedly reduced with timely antibiotic use.
Children over the age of three at preschool or people exposed to overcrowded environments such as boarding schools or military camps are most at risk.
Most cases happen in children between the ages of five and fifteen, particularly those exposed to other people with scarlet fever. In older teenagers and adults, the condition is less common because most people own developed antibodies to the toxins produced by S. pyrogenes which prevent the toxins from having an effect on other tissues.
The rash typically starts on the neck, underarm or groin as little, flat red blotches that gradually become fine bumps and feel rough to the touch. In the body folds (such as in the armpits, elbows, and groin) the rash may appear a brighter red (called Pastia’s lines).
Facial flushing is common although a pale area may remain around the mouth. After seven days, the rash fades and some skin peeling may happen over the next month or longer, particularly around the fingertips, toes and groin area.
Photo by: bsites
Causes and symptoms
Sore throats own numerous diverse causes, and may or may not be accompanied by freezing symptoms, fever , or swollen lymph glands. Proper treatment depends on understanding the cause of the sore throat.
Bacterial sore throat
Fewer sore throats are caused by bacteria than are caused by viruses. The most common bacterial sore throat results from an infection by group A Streptococcus .
This type of infection is commonly called strep throat. Anyone can get strep throat, but it is most common in school age children.
Noninfectious sore throat
Not every sore throats are caused by infection. Postnasal drip can irritate the throat and make it sore. It can be caused by hay fever and other allergies that irritate the sinuses. Environmental and other conditions, such as breathing secondhand smoke, breathing polluted air or chemical fumes, or swallowing substances that burn or scratch the throat can also cause pharyngitis. Dry air, love that in airplanes or from forced boiling air furnaces, can make the throat sore. Children who breathe through their mouths at night because of nasal congestion often get sore throats that improve as the day progresses.
Sore throat caused by environmental conditions is not contagious.
Viral sore throat
Viruses cause most sore throats. Freezing and flu viruses are the main culprits. These viruses cause an inflammation in the throat and occasionally the tonsils ( tonsillitis ). Freezing symptoms generally accompany a viral sore throat. These can include a runny nose, cough , congestion, hoarseness, conjunctivitis , and fever. The level of throat pain varies from uncomfortable to excruciating, when it is painful for the patient to eat, breathe, swallow, or speak.
Another group of viruses that causes sore throat are the adenoviruses. These may also cause infections of the lungs and ears.
In addition to a sore throat, symptoms that accompany an adenovirus infection include cough, runny nose, white bumps on the tonsils and throat, mild diarrhea , vomiting , and a rash. The sore throat lasts about one week.
A third type of virus that can cause severe sore throat is the coxsackie virus. It can cause a disease called herpangina. Although anyone can get herpangina, it is most common in children up to age 10 and is more prevalent in the summer or early autumn. Herpangina is sometimes called summer sore throat.
Three to six days after being exposed to the coxsackie virus, an infected person develops a sudden sore throat that is accompanied by a substantial fever, generally between 102–104°F (38.9–40°C).
Tiny grayish-white blisters form on the throat and in the mouth. These fester and become little ulcers. Throat pain is often severe, interfering with swallowing. Children may become dehydrated if they are reluctant to eat or drink because of the pain. In addition, children with herpangina may vomit, own abdominal pain, and generally feel extremely ill.
One other common cause of a viral sore throat is mononucleosis.
Mononucleosis occurs when the Epstein-Barr virus infects one specific type of lymphocyte. The infection spreads to the lymphatic system, respiratory system, liver, spleen, and throat. Symptoms appear 30–50 days after exposure.
Mononucleosis, sometimes called the kissing disease, is extremely common. It is estimated that by the age of 35–40, 80–95 percent of Americans will own had mononucleosis. Often, symptoms are mild, especially in young children, and are diagnosed as a freezing.
Since symptoms are more severe in adolescents and adults, more cases are diagnosed as mononucleosis in this age group. One of the main symptoms of mononucleosis is a severe sore throat.
Although a runny nose and cough are much more likely to accompany a sore throat caused by a virus than one caused by a bacteria, there is no absolute way to tell what is causing the sore throat without a laboratory test.
When to call the doctor
If the kid has had a sore throat and fever for more than 24 hours, a doctor should be contacted so a strep test can be performed. Identifying and treating strep throat within about a week is vital to preventing rheumatic fever .
If the kid has had a sore throat, even without fever, for more than 48 hours, the doctor should be consulted. If the kid has trouble swallowing or breathing, or is drooling excessively (in little children), emergency medical attention should be sought immediately.
A pharmacist can assist with sore throats
To assist relieve the pain and discomfort of a sore throat, you can:
- use paracetamol or ibuprofen
- use medicated lozenges or anaesthetic sprays (although there’s little proof they help)
You can purchase them from a supermarket or from a pharmacist without a prescription.
Find a pharmacy
Non-urgent advice: See a GP if:
- you’re worried about your sore throat
- you often get sore throats
- your sore throat does not improve after a week
- you own a sore throat and a extremely high temperature, or you feel boiling and shivery
- you own a weakened immune system – for example, because of diabetes or chemotherapy
A severe or long-lasting sore throat could be something love strep throat (a bacterial throat infection).
GPs do not normally prescribe antibiotics for sore throats because they will not generally relieve your symptoms or speed up your recovery.
They’ll only be prescribed if your GP thinks you could own a bacterial infection.
How to treat a sore throat yourself
To assist soothe a sore throat and shorten how endless it lasts, you can:
- eat cool or soft foods
- avoid smoking or smoky places
- gargle with warm, salty water (children should not attempt this)
- suck ice cubes, ice lollies or hard sweets – but do not give young children anything little and hard to suck because of the risk of choking
- drink plenty of water
Media final reviewed: 1 June 2017
Media review due: 1 June 2020
Almost everyone gets a sore throat at one time or another, although children in kid care or grade school own them more often than adolescents and adults.
Sore throats are most common during the winter months when upper respiratory infections (colds) are more frequent.
About 10 percent of children who go to the doctor each year own pharyngitis. Forty percent of the time that children are taken to the doctor with a sore throat, the sore throat is diagnosed as viral. An antibiotic cannot assist to cure a virus; a virus has to be left to run its course.
In about 30 percent of the cases for which children are taken to the doctor, bacteria are found to be responsible for the sore throat. Numerous of these bacterial sore throats are cases of strep throat . Sore throats caused by bacteria can be successfully treated with antibiotics .
In about 40 percent of these cases of pharyngitis, it is never clear what caused the sore throat.
In these cases it is possible that the virus or bacteria was not identified, or that other factors such as environment or post-nasal drip may own been responsible.
Sore throat is also called pharyngitis. It is a symptom of numerous conditions, but is most often associated with colds or influenza . Sore throat may be caused by either viral or bacterial infections or environmental conditions. Most sore throats heal without complications, but they should not be ignored, as some develop into serious illnesses.
Sore throats can be either acute or chronic. Acute sore throats are more common than chronic sore throats. They appear suddenly and final from three to about seven days. A chronic sore throat lasts much longer and is a symptom of an unresolved underlying condition or disease, such as a sinus infection.
The way in which a sore throat is transmitted depends on the agent causing the sore throat. Viral and bacterial sore throats are generally passed in the same way as the common freezing : sneezing, coughing, sharing drinking glasses or silverware, or in any other way germ particles can easily move from one person to another.
Some sore throats are caused by environmental factors or allergies . These sore throats cannot be passed from one person to another.
Sore throat is a painful inflammation of the mucous membranes lining the pharynx.