What can i give a dog for seasonal allergies
Treating allergies can be frustrating for the owner, the veterinarian, and most of every for the poor dog. It is significant for owners to realize (and for veterinarians to make certain they inform owners) that allergies don’t generally go away, we primarily treat the symptoms. It will seem love they go away because the animal will generally improve with treatment, but once treatment is stopped and the animal continues to come into contact with what it is allergic to, it will scratch again.
So what’s next? You own done a couple food trials, you are keeping every the fleas off, you own tried antihistamines, fatty acids and medicated shampoos and your dog is still miserable.
Most veterinarians will recommend a short course of steroids at this point. If the dog continues to dig at their skin and keeps it secondarily infected, the itch cycle won’t stop because the dog is now scratching at the secondary infection AND the underlying allergy.
Steroids (prednisone, prenisolone, hydrocortisone) work extremely nicely and quickly to provide relief, but don’t get too excited because steroids, love with people, own side effects (dog will drink more, urinate more, may own accidents in the home, increased appetite, may predispose to Diabetes, may predispose to Cushings disease).
Using the lowest possible dosage to provide relief is the objective. Work with your veterinarian to discover the perfect dosage for your dog.
Continuing antihistamines when you add the steroids is generally a excellent thought because the two work together to give the dog more than just an additive effect from the two medications. You can also wean the dog off of the steroids faster as a general law. Continuing the fatty acid supplements is also a excellent thought for the same reason.
FATTY ACID SUPPLEMENTS
One final, relatively benign (meaning no genuine side effects), treatment option for dogs are fatty acid supplements.
Pick one that is formulated for dogs as they own diverse fatty acid requirements than humans do, so it’s hard, if not impossible, to just pour some vegetable oil over their food and “get it right”. You generally won’t notice anything too dramatic in the way of improvement, but it will help.
I had a client once that swore the liquid fatty acid supplement I started her dog on was making the dog’s skin much worse and, certain enough, I was looking at him and his skin was definitely worse. I was thinking we were going to own to attempt something stronger for him until she showed me how she really rubbed the liquid fatty acids into his skin twice a day!?!
There are a few topical fatty acid preparations, but the majority, love the one I started her dog on, are supposed to be given ORALLY, so be certain to hear carefully and read labels carefully.
Special shampoos can assist soothe and heal certain skin conditions. Work with your veterinarian to determine a shampoo that is correct for your dog because the incorrect shampoo can deplete significant fatty acids from the skin, making it dry and itchier than it was in the first put. If your dog has a secondary skin infection, a medicated shampoo will generally be a excellent choice. It is generally possible to determine if the skin infection is caused by bacteria vs.
fungal (yeast) organisms, and thus making your choice for a shampoo more appropriate and ultimately more effective for your dog. Most secondary skin infections own both bacterial and fungal components, so thankfully there are numerous excellent, strong shampoos with antibacterial and antifungal properties.
Always follow the label on the bottle, but in general, soaping your dog up and letting the medicated shampoo sit for at least 10 minutes improves its efficacy. Oral antibiotics may be prescribed if the secondary skin infection is bad enough.
Now is a excellent time to mention keeping hypoallergenic baby wipes near the door and wiping your pet’s feet when the pollen is really bad exterior. Some dermatologists support this and others tell that the pollen that you can see is generally not the offending organism but hey, it’s simple and free!
HOW TO TREAT MY DOG’S ALLERGIES NATURALLY — HOMEOPATHY
So maybe you are tired of treating your pet’s allergies traditionally: antihistamines don’t seem to work extremely well, steroids seem to own too numerous side effects, allergy testing with a dermatologist seems too expensive, etc. Now may be the time to attempt homeopathy.
Or starting with homeopathy and attempting to avoid the endless battle with allergies described above is also an excellent option. “Allergy Seasonal” or “Food Allergy” are excellent starting options if your dog has either of these. If your dog has a problem with inhalant allergens love pollen, grass, trees, mold spores, etc, consider trying “Atopic Dermatitis”.
Check out this testimonial that we recently received from someone who uses our “Allergy Seasonal” package:
«Finally, something that actually worked! I would recommend this highly if your dog has allergies where the skin can become infected.
Discuss the issues with HomeoAnimal rep and they will guide you to the proper formula based on your dog’s info. Definitely worth it considering her allergy med was costing around $50 a month!!»
Still not ready for the large packages? These are excellent options as well, depending on your dog’s symptoms: Dust Mite Allergy (which is much more common than you might think), Itching, Anti-inflammatory, Alopecia (Hair loss), Ear Infection(Otitis), Fleas (bites), Flea (itching), Beautiful Jacket, Eczema (general term for skin inflammation and irritation), Seborrhea (two types = oily or greasy and dry or flaky), and Ticks & Fleas.
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Antihistamines are a excellent put to start with treatment.
They own minimal side effects (will generally just cause drowsiness) and they assist block histamine release which is causing the itching. This sounds love they should work perfectly for allergic animals but they generally just provide a little relief for mild to moderate allergy sufferers. It will seem love they don’t assist the severely allergic animal at every, but since they own minimal side effects (and can work synergistically with other medications) it is generally suggested that an allergic animal stay on them even when adding stronger medications.
Be certain to work with your veterinarian to calculate the perfect dosage for your pet — dogs own a much higher dosage requirement when it comes to antihistamines.
For example, a 25 pound cocker spaniel will generally need one entire adult 25 mg Benadryl (diphenhydramine) up to three times a day. Underdosing may be one of the reasons antihistamines seem love they don’t work extremely well for pets. When one antihistamine seems to not be working extremely well, you can attempt switching to another one.
NEW IMMUNOSUPPRESSIVE DRUGS
Steroids work because they suppress the dog’s excessive immune response to allergens. Veterinary dermatologists own been searching for diverse drugs that calm below the dog’s immune response that don’t own as numerous side effects as steroids tend to.
Two relatively new drugs seem promising : Atopica (Cyclosporine) and Apoquel (Oclacitinib). They own drawbacks as well: they are much more expensive than steroids and Apoquel has been so favorite this year, it has been backordered.
Enquire your veterinarian if these might be a excellent thought for your dog.
ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE THERAPIST
Denyse Lessard is a therapist in alternative medicine. She is the creator of the company’s entire line of natural remedies.
She has an extensive educational background and has earned multiple degrees, including diplomas in Chinese medicine, Reflexology, Naturopathy & Iridology, and Homeopathy.
She is also a member of the Association of Naturopaths and Naturotherapists of Quebec, and the Professional Union of Homeopaths of Quebec.
When working with her patients, Denyse believes in not only helping pets achieve optimum health, but keeping them in tip-top shape for their entire lives.
We invite you to study more about Denyse’s expertise in the alternative field.
Feel free to contact me anytime at [email protected]
Skin disorders are among the most common health problems in dogs, and own numerous causes.
The condition of a dog’s skin and jacket are also an significant indicator of its general health. Skin disorders of dogs vary from acute, self-limiting problems to chronic or long-lasting problems requiring life-time treatment. Skin disorders may be primary or secondary (due to scratching, itch) in nature, making diagnosis complicated.
FOOD MATTERS = HYPOALLERGENIC DIET
Work with your veterinarian to discover a truly hypoallergenic diet because numerous dog foods claim to be, but are not.
It is also significant to glance at the ingredients in the food(s) you own been feeding that the dog has not done well on and avoid certain ingredients — changing the protein source and avoiding corn and wheat are generally excellent places to start. A food trial with the hypoallergenic diet should final no less than 8 weeks! Absolutely nothing else, except water, should pass through your dog’s lips during the food trial (no treats, no people food, no sneaking the cat’s food, change to a heartworm preventative that is not a chewable treat, etc).
I had a patient that turned out to be exclusively food allergic, which is helpful of strange because love I mentioned earlier, allergic animal are generally allergic to multiple allergens.
So I suggested a really expensive and extremely excellent hypoallergenic diet. The dog didn’t improve at every over the eight week food trial. The owner and I were both ready to attempt something else when she told me that she didn’t ponder that this really mattered but her dog loved eating cat poop. She was wildly embarrassed (which she shouldn’t own been, especially with me, because it is extremely common). Cats own a extremely high protein requirement so their food is chock full of allergens, which makes cat poop beautiful darn allergenic! When we finally outsmarted Jackson and figured out how to hold him out of the litter box, his skin improved dramatically.
Multiple food trials may be necessary to fully law out a food allergy.
For example, you may own been feeding a chicken based diet and select to do your first food trial with lamb. Your dog could be allergic to both, necessitating a change to a diverse protein. Lamb isn’t really a excellent choice for a food trial (for a lot of reasons, but that’s a topic for another discussion) primarily because it is moderately allergenic. Dermatologists generally recommend a really «novel» protein, love venison, duck, rabbit, salmon or bison.
So now what, after weeks of these feeding trials? Your dog needs some relief! And it’s ok (and generally necessary) to provide relief while you are doing your feeding trial, especially in the beginning.
Hold in mind that the dog will generally improve with the symptomatic treatment, so don’t let that cause you to believe a certain food is working. Also remember that dogs are often allergic to multiple diverse allergens (fleas, food, dust mites, pollen, etc) so even if your dog is just somewhat improved, you will probably desire to continue with the hypoallergenic diet.
THE MAIN OFFENDERS = ALLERGENS
Dogs can own an allergic reaction to almost anything they come into contact with. The most common allergens for dogs are: fleas, food, dust and dust mites, and «inhalant» allergens (pollen, grass, trees, mold spores, etc). Numerous allergic dogs, especially severely allergic dogs, are allergic to more than one of these.
It is ideal to determine what your dog is allergic to.
This is generally not simple. Your dog’s «itch pattern» may assist a little to determine what he or she is allergic to. In general, dog’s with flea allergies scratch over their tail head, on their back. In general, dog’s with food allergies own itchy «ears and rears». Canine inhalant allergy sufferers tend to gnaw on their feet more that other areas. Don’t determine what your dog is allergic to strictly by his or her itch pattern, but it’s a excellent starting put. For instance, if your pet has a really hard time only over his tail head, get rid of every flea on him. I stress, EVERY flea, because even one single flea bite can start the whole itch cycle every over on a dog that is allergic to them.
How to treat dog allergies
Firstly, it is ideal to determine what your dog is allergic to.
The most common allergens for dogs are fleas, food, dust, dust mites and inhalant allergens such as pollen, grass, tress, mol and, spores. Secondly, you can treat you dog with antihistamines, special shampoos, fatty acid supplements, steroids, immunosuppressive drugs or natural remedies specially made to relieve allergies in dogs.
Many pet owners will tell that the most frustrating problem a pet can own is allergies. Allergies extremely rarely go away.
That doesn’t mean that there is nothing that can be done for your furry family members — fairly the opposite really. There are numerous options for animals with allergies.
A human’s allergic «organ», so to speak, is primarily their respiratory track. So when we own allergies, we generally cough, sneeze, own runny eyes, or trouble breathing if the allergic reaction is severe enough. A dog’s allergic «organ» is primarily their skin, so they scratch or get hives or whelps if the allergic reaction is acute. Humans can own allergic issues with their skin and dogs can own allergic issues with their respiratory track.
This article will focus on the most common manifestations of allergies in dogs = Skin problems.
Just love human allergies, there are varying degrees of severity. Some dogs just scratch a little more in the spring for a couple days, when the pollen gets bad, just love some people start just a little coughing and sneezing, but not even enough to pop an antihistamine. Then some animals scratch incessantly year circular to the point where they cause life-threatening secondary skin infections.
Physical and environmental skin diseases
Main article: Boiling spot (veterinary medicine)
A boiling spot, or acute moist dermatitis, is an acutely inflamed and infected area of skin irritation created and made worse by a dog licking and biting at itself.
A boiling spot can manifest and spread rapidly in a matter of hours, as secondary Staphylococcus infection causes the top layers of the skin to break below and pus becomes trapped in the hair. Boiling spots can be treated with corticosteroid medications and oral or topical antibiotic applications, as well as clipping hair from around the lesion. Underlying causes include flea allergy dermatitis or other allergic skin diseases. Dogs with thick undercoats are most susceptible to developing boiling spots.
Acral lick granulomas
Lick granulomas are raised, generally ulcerated areas on a dog’s extremity caused by the dog’s own incessant, compulsive licking.
Compulsive licking is defined as licking in excess of that required for standard grooming or exploration, and represents a change in the animal’s typical behavior and interferes with other activities or functions (e.g., eating, drinking, playing, interacting with people) and cannot easily be interrupted.
EXACTLY! WHAT? IS MY DOG ALLERGIC TO = ALLERGY TESTING
It is possible to allergy test your dog. The gold standard for testing is generally going to a board certified veterinary dermatologist and having them act out intradermal skin testing on your dog. As you might imagine, the dog will need to go under anesthesia for this procedure.
As you might also imagine, this is relatively expensive. There are beautiful simple allergy blood tests available now that are getting more dependable and precise. Every the allergy blood test involves is your dog giving a little blood and your veterinarian sending it off to a lab. It isn’t cheap either though, because with either intradermal skin testing or the blood tests, your ultimate goal is to own the lab formulate «allergy shots» (desensitization injections) specific for your individual animal.
Relief is on the way
Immune-mediated skin disorders
Skin disease may result from deficiency or overactivity of immune responses.
In cases where there are insufficient immune responses, the disease is generally described by the secondary disease that results. Examples include increased susceptibility to demodectic mange and recurrent skin infections, such as Malassezia infection or bacterial infections. Increased but harmful immune responses can be divided into hypersensitivity disorders such as atopic dermatitis and autoimmune disorders (autoimmunity), such as pemphigus and discoid lupus erythematosus.
Atopy is a hereditary and chronic (lifelong) allergic skin disease. Signs generally start between 6 months and 3 years of age, with some breeds of dog, such as the golden retriever, showing signs at an earlier age.
Dogs with atopic dermatitis are itchy, especially around the eyes, muzzle, ears and feet. In severe cases, the irritation is generalised. If the allergens are seasonal, the signs of irritation are similarly seasonal. Numerous dogs with home dust mite allergy own perennial disease. Some of the allergens associated with atopy in dogs include pollens of trees, grasses and weeds, as well as molds and home dust mites.
Ear and skin infections by the bacteria Staphylococcus pseudintermedius and the yeast Malassezia pachydermatis are commonly secondary to atopic dermatitis.
Food allergy can be associated with identical signs and some authorities consider food allergy to be a type of atopic dermatitis. Food allergy can be identified through the use of elimination diet trials in which a novel or hydrolysed protein diet is used for a minimum of 6 weeks.
Diagnosis of atopic dermatitis is by elimination of other causes of irritation, including fleas, mites, and other parasites, such as Cheyletiella and lice. Allergies to aeroallergens can be identified using intradermal allergy testing and/or blood testing (allergen-specific IgE ELISA).
Treatment includes avoidance of the offending allergens if possible, but for most dogs this is not practical or effective. Other treatments modulate the adverse immune response to allergens and include antihistamines, steroids, ciclosporin, and immunotherapy (a process in which allergens are injected to attempt to induce tolerance). In numerous cases, shampoos, medicated wipes and ear cleaners are needed to attempt to prevent the return of infections.
Autoimmune skin diseases
Pemphigus foliaceus is the most common autoimmune disease of the dog. Blisters in the epidermis rapidly break to form crusts and erosions, most often affecting the face and ears initially, but in some cases spreading to include the whole body. The paw pads can be affected, causing marked hyperkeratosis (thickening of the pads with scale). Other autoimmune diseases include bullous pemphigoid and epidermolysis bullosa acquisita.
Treatment of autoimmune skin requires methods to reduce the abnormal immune response; steroids, azathioprine and other drugs are used as immunosuppressive agents.