What are the symptoms of dog allergies
While not generally life threatening, allergies in dogs do cause discomfort. Most symptoms are associated with dermatologic problems but some can also lead to chronic respiratory issues in some dogs if untreated for endless periods of time. Sometimes an owner will bring their dog to a veterinary appointment, suspecting a serious medical condition and finish up finding out that their canine companion has an allergy.
Here are some allergy symptoms commonly found in dogs:
- Excessive licking
- Periodic chewing on the same or diverse body parts or areas
- Frequent sneezing and/or wheezing
- Compulsive scratching
- Regularly rubbing body or body parts against the ground, walls, furniture, etc.
- Skin irritation/fur loss
Most allergies develop in the second year of life for dogs.
In the first year, the dog will be exposed to numerous types of allergens primarily through contact with the skin. A smaller number of allergies may be caused by food (usually the protein source) and inhalant (things they breathe in that are in the air). In the second year of life, the dog’s immune system will overreact to the antigen(s) causing release of immune cells which release inflammatory substances ( such as histamine) which lead to symptoms of itching. Rarely is a dog allergic to just one thing.
Most allergic dogs are born with a less than optimal skin barrier which allows for antigens to enter the skin more easily. Dogs that suffer from allergies own abnormal skin and a less than optimal immune response which allows for secondary infections to happen.
Typically, dogs do not suffer from a single allergy, but instead, dogs with sensitivities to allergens own a host of issues. You must understand that dog allergies are due to a complicated set of issues that tends to change as the dog’s environment changes.
Because these symptoms can own several possible causes, we recommend making a veterinary appointment immediately if you notice your dog exhibiting any of the above symptoms.
Early diagnosis and treatment of dog allergies not only increases the likelihood of your dog’s treatment being successful, but can also be less expensive than delaying treatment. The longer you wait, the more your dog suffers and more severe the secondary infections can become.
Understand your pet allergies
It is significant to see a doctor and be tested to determine what allergies you actually own. You may discover that you’re allergic to something else and not your pet at all! For example, you may assume that you are allergic to your beloved dog, only to discover out through an allergy test that you’re actually allergic to a specific tree pollen that got on his fur during a stroll together, and that’s actually what’s bothering you.
If an allergy test shows that you are allergic to your pet, it is significant to understand what causes your allergic reaction to them.
There are allergy-triggering proteins called allergens in saliva and skin glands that cling to an animal’s dry skin (dander) and fur. The fur and dander then stick to walls, carpets and clothing.
The reaction of someone to these allergens is diverse from one person to the next. The reaction may range from mild sniffling and sneezing to life-threatening asthma. The reaction can be made worse if a person is additionally exposed to other things he is allergic too, such as pollen, dust mites, cigarette smoke, and mold.
Whether someone has an allergic reaction depends on both the individual person and the individual animal. A person with animal allergies may react less to dogs with soft, constantly growing hair, or one specific cat or dog may cause more or less of an allergic reaction than another animal of that same breed.
You may hear claims about breeds of dogs and cats that are non-allergenic (don’t cause an allergic reaction) or cats and dogs that are hypoallergenic (cause less of an allergic reaction).
However, even hairless breeds may cause a severe allergic reaction.
Dog Allergy Testing
The first step to determining the cause of your dog’s symptoms is a thorough exam by your veterinarian. In addition to looking for external skin parasites such as fleas and mites, your veterinarian will desire to do some diagnostics to assist him/her determine what types of infections may be present. After diagnosing and treating for external parasites and infections, your veterinarian may desire to discuss allergy testing.
Once your veterinarian believes that allergies are the root cause of skin irritation/infections and discomfort, then they may recommend testing for specific allergens. There are numerous things to test for in determining what your dog may be causing the allergies for your dog. Dog allergens drop into the following groups:
- Contact allergy — including numerous grasses and plants, dust mites and molds
- Flea allergies — numerous dogs are highly allergic to flea bites
- Food allergies — including diverse types of proteins
- Inhalant allergy (Atopy) — allergens that are inhaled
Contact allergies such as flea, food and dust/pollen allergies are by far the most common cause of allergies in dogs.
These allergens can cause an allergic reaction in the body that focuses largely on and within the epidermis, causing severe irritation. The result is a dog scratching itself to the point that skin infections and injuries can occur.
Reduce the allergens and your symptoms
If you are allergic to your pet and your reactions aren’t life-threatening, there are numerous ways to reduce indoor allergens and allergy symptoms so you and your pet can live together more comfortably.
If your or a family member’s allergies are simply miserable, but not life-threatening, take these five steps to reduce the symptoms:
Create an «allergy free» zone in your home—preferably the allergic person’s bedroom—and strictly prohibit the pet’s access to it. Use a high-efficiency HEPA air cleaner, and consider using impermeable covers for the mattress and pillows.
2. Use HEPA air cleaners throughout the relax of the home, and avoid dust-and-dander-catching furnishings such as cloth curtains and blinds and carpeted floors. Clean frequently and thoroughly to remove dust and dander, washing articles such as sofa covers and pillows, curtains, and pet beds.
Bathe your pet on a weekly basis to reduce the level of allergy-causing dander (shed ancient skin cells). Cats can get used to being bathed, but it’s critical to only use products labeled for them; kittens may need a shampoo safe for kittens. Check with your veterinarian’s staff or a excellent book on pet care for directions about safe bathing, It’s a excellent thought to use a shampoo recommended by your veterinarian or other animal care professional.
4. Don’t be quick to blame the family pet for allergies. Enquire your allergist to specifically test for allergies to pet dander. Numerous allergy sufferers are sensitive to more than one allergen. Reduce the overall allergen level in your environment by concentrating on every of the causes, not just the pet allergy.
Attempt treatments. Additional treatments for allergies to pets are include immunotherapy (allergy shots), steroidal and antihistamine nose sprays and antihistamine pills. It is significant to discover an allergist who understands your commitment to living with your pet. A combination of approaches—medical control of symptoms, excellent housecleaning methods, and immunotherapy—is most likely to succeed in allowing an allergic person to live with pets.
Be happy you didn’t let allergies break up a beautiful relationship
It is worth it to preserve the bond between you and your pet by checking if you are truly allergic to your pet and, if you are, to attempt these solutions.
Join the large number of animal lovers who manage their allergies and live happily and healthily with their beloved pets.
Urticaria and angioedema are hypersensitivity (or allergic) reactions to drugs, chemicals, something eaten, or even sunlight.
What are the symptoms of urticaria and angioedema?
In urticaria, little bumps happen within the skin. Often, the hair will stand up over these swellings. Sometimes, they itch. In angioedema, we see swelling of the face, especially the muzzle and around the eyes. Sometimes, the swelling is so severe, the animal cannot open its eyes.
Angioedema often results in itching. Angioedema and urticaria generally develop within 20 minutes of being exposed to the allergen (substance to which the animal is allergic).
In general, both urticaria and angioedema are not life-threatening and will go away by themselves. Rarely, the swelling in angioedema can affect the throat and make breathing difficult.
How are urticaria and angioedema treated?
Antihistamines are generally the best treatment for angioedema and urticaria.
If severe, steroids are sometimes given. If respiration is affected, epinephrine is istered.
Can urticaria and angioedema be prevented?
In general, there is no way to predict which animals may develop urticaria or angioedema as a result of exposure to a certain substance. If a pet has already had a reaction, such as anaphylaxis, angioedema, or hives, to a substance, the substance should be avoided.
If your dog has ever had a reaction to a vaccine or medication, be certain your veterinarian knows and the information is placed in your pet’s medical record.
If your dog has ever had a reaction to a vaccine, subsequent vaccinations should be given by your veterinarian. Your veterinarian will probably ister an antihistamine prior to vaccination and own you remain in the office for 20-30 minutes after the vaccination, so you are correct there if your pet has a reaction. In some cases, certain vaccines may be excluded from your dog’s vaccination regimen, or a diverse type of vaccine will be used.
Many vaccines contain antibiotics as preservatives.
If your dog is allergic to an antibiotic, be certain to check every vaccines for the presence of that antibiotic before use.
If your pet has developed urticaria or angioedema from an insect bite, you may desire to discuss various options with your veterinarian.
Your veterinarian may give you a prescription for an ‘epi-pen.’ An ‘epi-pen’ is a special syringe and needle filled with a single dose of epinephrine. If your pet has an anaphylactic reaction or severe angioedema, inject the epinephrine using the ‘epi-pen’ and seek emergency veterinary assistance immediately.
Be certain to take the ‘epi-pen’ with you on any trips or hikes.
Most allergies are contact allergies. There are definitely a percentage of dogs that own food allergies also.
So today, I’m going to talk to you a little bit about allergies, and there’s so numerous misconceptions and misinformation out there, and people who desire to sell you every kinds of things that are going to cure the allergies, but I’m going to helpful of give you just a basic picture of what’s significant to know.
And most importantly, remember, every dog is diverse. Every situation is diverse, and you really need the assist and guidance of a veterinary to select the best products.
Most people come to us because their dog is, tell, itching for whatever reason. Obviously, the first thing we’re going to law out would be parasites. There are some kinds of mites that can cause itching, certainly fleas and even ticks can cause itching, so we’re going to make certain that those things are well covered first.
Then the next thing we’ll start to talk about would be things love environmental concerns.
But really, with allergies, the way that they work with most dogs is that the vast majority are contact allergies. Yes, love some love that, and a dog is going to be exposed by stepping or rolling or laying in the grass, or whatever, and they’re going to be exposed to allergens. When we test for allergies, we’re testing for about 75 diverse things, so no one can glance at your dog and tell, «Oh, it’s grass.» There’s really just no way of knowing that, but it’s certainly a extremely excellent possibility that it could be grass or molds that are in the grass when the grasses are wet.
But what happens is these allergens are exposed to the dog’s skin, and then they’re absorbed through the skin.
Dogs that own allergies, a lot of them own a barrier problem; meaning if you ponder about the skin as being love saran wrap, and dogs that own allergies own more holes in their saran wrap than other dogs. So then these allergens are capable to penetrate through the skin, and in addition, they own some overreaction to whatever it is they’re being exposed to. If it’s grass, the grass allergens are getting into the skin and into the second layer of the skin a little bit easier, and then the body may be overreacting, causing histamine release, and other things that are really itchy for the dog, and then that’s going to cause the dog to itch.
Once the dog starts licking and chewing and scratching and biting, we get secondary problems love yeast and bacteria infections, which may require us to do some cytologies.
Basically, we’re looking at the cells of the skin to see if there’s yeast or bacteria, because they’re treated extremely differently. We own so numerous amazing drugs now to assist fight with allergies. We own two new medications; one is a pill that is a non-steroidal pill that really helps to block the reaction of itch, and another one is an injectable drug that also helps with the overresponse that an allergic dog displays.
These drugs are amazing and such a lifesaver for a dog’s quality of life, but they do require that we make certain that infections are cleared up, and that we’ve done a beautiful thorough workup before doing any of these medications.
So bottom line is this: Most allergies are contact allergies. There are definitely a percentage of dogs that own food allergies also. Some of them can own a combination of every of the above, but I ponder if you went into a pet store, you’d discover that fairly often telling you, you own to purchase this certain helpful of food, and really rarely is that what should happen.
You don’t really desire to get your health information from a 16 year ancient pet store employee; not that there’s anything incorrect with them, but they don’t generally own the eight years of school that assist us to make a better plan for your puppy or your dog in choosing the best medications.
So, if your dog is having itching, scratching problem, most importantly, just get to the vet. Own them start working your dog up and discover the best way to get your dog’s skin under control.
There Are Two Main Types Of Dog Allergy Testing
Blood Testing and Intradermal Skin Testing. Each type of canine allergy testing istered differently and has its benefits and drawbacks. However, the following points hold true for both types of dog allergy testing:
- Chronic bacterial infections (common secondary invaders)
- Fungal or yeast infections of the skin (common secondary invaders)
A veterinarian might also order a 12 week hypoallergenic diet to law out a food allergy.
Food allergies are hard to detect using either dog allergy testing method, and therefore should be sure through dietary manipulation. Once every of these possibilities are ruled out, the veterinarian will order either a blood or skin test to determine the presence of dog allergies.