What are the most common allergies in cats
You can experience symptoms of a cat allergy correct when you enter into a room or home where a cat lives. Or the effects can start after you spend several hours in the area or with the cat.
A cat allergy can produce upper respiratory symptoms or may affect your skin.
Common effects f a cat allergy can include:
- Red, itchy, or watery eyes
- A skin rash, redness, or itching
- Sore throat
- A runny or stuffy nose
While it is rare, swelling of the face, throat, or any part of the body can develop due to a cat allergy. If you develop swelling or become short of breath, seek medical attention immediately.
Cat allergies are more common than dog allergies, but this does not own anything to do with how friendly the cat or the person is.
Cat allergies are not associated with how much you love a cat or how much the cat likes you.
Getting along with your cat or a friend's cat is a completely diverse issue than having an allergy.
It’s not pet fur that causes an allergic reaction. Instead, it’s flakes of their dead skin, saliva and dried urine.
If you cannot permanently remove a pet from the home, you could try:
- keeping pets exterior as much as possible, or limiting them to a specific area of the home, preferably an area without carpet
- regularly grooming pets exterior
- not allowing pets in bedrooms
- using an air filter in rooms where you spend most of your time
- regularly washing every bedding and soft furnishings pets lie on
- washing pets at least once a week
- increasing ventilation with fans or air conditioning, or by opening windows
If you’re visiting a friend or relative with a pet, enquire them not to dust or vacuum on the day you’re visiting, as this will stir up the allergens into the air.
Taking an antihistamine medicine about an hour before entering a pet-inhabited home can also assist reduce your symptoms.
The Allergy UK website has more information about domestic pet allergies.
You may be capable to tell that you own a cat allergy based on the timing of your symptoms. If you start to cough, sneeze, feel itchy, or develop a rash correct after visiting your friend who has a cat, then you might own an allergy to the cat.
Sometimes it can be hard to know that a cat allergy is causing your symptoms, especially if you live with the cat.
While some people are allergic to every cats, you might be allergic to a cat even if you own not had allergies to other cats in the past—this can make the effects hard to figure out.
You may also own a hidden exposure to cat allergens, such as when moving to a new home where a cat used to live.
If you own a rash or persistent upper respiratory symptoms, you should see your doctor. After a history and physical examination, your doctor may do some diagnostic tests. Blood tests can include an IgE level to see if you own an allergic reaction.
Skin Prick Test
You may be advised to own a skin prick test.
This would involve your doctor placing a little quantity of the cat hair or skin on your skin with a needle. You would then be observed for about half an hour to see if you develop a reaction.
You don't need to own shut contact with a cat to develop allergic symptoms. Some people can own the effects of a cat allergy after coming into contact with fabric, such as a blanket or clothing, that was touched by a cat. And you may even develop symptoms from breathing air in an area where a cat lives.
Cat allergies are triggered by cat hair, skin, saliva, sweat, urine, blood, and dander. Cat dander is a tiny material shed by cats.
The dander is airborne and sticky. The size of the cat dander particles is extremely small and it is inhaled deep into the lungs.
Dander can be present in public places, even where there are no cats—because it can be carried on the clothing of people who own cats and then shed in public places.
Allergens are harmless substances that trigger an allergic reaction.
Several proteins that are produced by cats, including Fel d 1, Fel d 4, and albumin own been identified as cat allergens. These allergens trigger a rapid immune reaction mediated by an antibody called IgE. The IgE antibody rapidly activates an inflammatory response that produces the symptoms of a cat allergy.
Cat allergens are produced in large amounts and are extremely potent.
Cat allergens are partially under hormonal control. They are particularly prominent in male non-neutered cats.
Cats generally are not bathed, and they use their own saliva to groom and clean themselves. This can spread the allergen if it is present in the cat's saliva.
Infections Caused by Cats
A parasitic infection caused byToxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is spread by cat feces.
This parasite is extremely dangerous for pregnant women because it can cause birth defects.
Infections caused by cats are diverse than allergies.
An Overview of Toxoplasmosis
House dust mites
One of the biggest causes of allergies are dust mites, which are tiny insects found in household dust.
You can limit the number of mites in your home by:
- choosing wood or hard vinyl floor coverings instead of a carpet
- cleaning cushions, soft toys, curtains and upholstered furniture regularly, either by washing (at a high temperature) or vacuuming
- fitting roller blinds that can be easily wiped clean
- using a vacuum cleaner fitted with a HEPA (high efficiency particulate air) filter, as it can trap more dust mites than ordinary vacuum cleaners
- using tested allergy-proof covers on mattresses, duvets and pillows
- choosing leather, plastic or vinyl furniture instead of upholstered furniture
- regularly wiping surfaces with a damp, clean cloth – avoid dry dusting, as this can spread dust into the air
Concentrate your efforts of controlling dust mites in the areas of your home where you spend the most time, such as the bedroom and living room.
You can discover more information on allergies in the home on the Allergy UK website.
For people with a cat allergy, avoidance of cats is the mainstay of therapy. However, cat owners may not desire to part with their pets, despite the symptoms they endure.
Allergy medications may control symptoms, but in numerous instances, symptoms may persist if the person lives with one or more indoor cats.
Allergy shots may also be a treatment option for people who are allergic to their own pet cats.
There are some ways to decrease cat allergen exposure for cat owners:
- Ensure the cat is neutered
- Keep the cats away from air vents to the bedroom
- Wipe the cat with a wet cloth or hand towel daily
- Use a HEPA room air cleaner for use in the bedroom and/or other parts of the home (it is best to hold the HEPA filter off of the floor to avoid stirring up more dust)
- Vacuum frequently with a high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) equipped vacuum cleaner
- Bath the cat at least once or twice a week
- Have cats stay exterior, in the garage, or in a part of the home with an uncarpeted floor
- Keep the cat away from the bedroom and the bedroom door
- Follow home dust mite avoidance precautions
If the above measures do not assist to reduce allergic symptoms, you may need to remove your pet cats from your home.
This is especially significant if you or someone in your home has uncontrolled asthma.
Cat dander will persist for months in the home even if the cat is gone – therefore it is significant to clean thoroughly.
- Steam clean every carpets and upholstered furniture
- Vacuum every hard floors
- Launder or dry clean every bedding and curtains
- Wipe below every hard surfaces and furniture
- Replace any air conditioner and heater vent filters
A Expression From Verywell
You may be disappointed to discover that you own a cat allergy. Parting with a beloved cat can be unhappy. There own been some suggestions that hypoallergenic cats may be available, but this concept has not been proven.
Some experts own suggested vaccinating cats tor feeding them a certain diet to reduce allergic reactions in owners. These are new strategies that are not widely used.
Keep in mind that even if you are allergic to one cat, you might not be allergic to every of them.
And numerous other pets might not trigger an allergy for you—such as dogs, bunnies, birds, and fish.
You can develop a psychological aversion to being around a cat if you tend to own allergic symptoms after your cat encounters.
Cat dander is a common cause of allergic asthma, and cat owners who are allergic to cats are more prone to the development of asthma symptoms.
While it is not common, you could own an allergy to cat food or to material in the cat's littler box, rather than an allergy to the cat.
Hold this in mind when you are observing your reactions and when you get tested.
The best way to prevent an allergic reaction is to avoid the substance that you’re allergic to, although this is not always simple or practical.
Below is some practical advice that should assist you avoid the most common allergens.