What are allergy shots good for

Use the links under to discover information about how specific allergies and related conditions are treated:

Sheet final reviewed: 22 November 2018
Next review due: 22 November 2021

en españolAlergia estacional (fiebre del heno)

What Are Allergy Shots?

Allergy shots (allergen immunotherapy) can treat some types of allergies. They’re sometimes used for children with allergies to:

Allergy shots aren’t helpful for food allergies.

Treatment

There are numerous ways to treat seasonal allergies, depending on how severe the symptoms are.

The most significant part of treatment is knowing what allergens are at work. Some kids can get relief by reducing or eliminating exposure to allergens that annoy them.

If certain seasons cause symptoms, hold the windows closed, use air conditioning if possible, and stay indoors when pollen/mold/weed counts are high.It’s also a excellent thought for kids with seasonal allergies to wash their hands or shower and change clothing after playing outside.

If reducing exposure isn’t possible or is ineffective, medicines can assist ease allergy symptoms.

These may include decongestants, antihistamines, and nasal spray steroids. If symptoms can’t be managed with medicines, the doctor may recommend taking your kid to an allergist or immunologist for evaluation for allergy shots (immunotherapy), which can assist desensitize kids to specific allergens.

en españolVacunas antialérgicas

How Do Allergy Shots Help?

Allergy shots assist the body build immunity to specific allergens, so it’s not as bothered by them. Allergy shots also can assist kids who own allergies andasthma own fewer asthma flare-ups.

Allergy shots contain a tiny quantity of a purified form of the allergen causing problems.

Doctors increase the dose slowly over the first 3–6 months. This lets the immune system safely adjust and build immunity to the allergens. This is called the buildup phase.

The highest effective safe dose becomes a child’s monthly maintenance dose. Health care providers give this to the kid for about 3 to 5 years. Most kids will need fewer shots over time.

Some kids’ allergy symptoms ease during the buildup phase. Others don’t feel better until they’re into the maintenance phase.

After years of getting allergy shots, some may own lasting relief from symptoms.

Are Allergy Shots Safe?

Allergy shots given by a trained health professional are safe and effective. Kids as young as 5 years ancient can get them.

Kids may own a little reaction near the site of the injection. This can happen correct away or within a few hours of the shot. Skin on the arm near the site may get a little red, itch, and swell.

What are allergy shots excellent for

Applying an ice pack to the area and giving the kid an antihistamine can help.

More widespread reactions, love hives and itching every over the body, are less common. And more severe reactions (like wheezing, breathing problems, throat swelling, and nausea) are rare. A serious reaction needs treatment correct away. That’s why kids who get allergy shots are watched in the doctor’s office for about 30 minutes afterward.

Some other tips:

  1. A kid who is ill, especially with asthma or breathing trouble, should not own allergy shots until the doctor says it’s safe.
  2. Kids should get allergy shots only under the supervision of an allergist/immunologist.
  3. A drop of a purified liquid form of the allergen is dropped onto the skin and the area is pricked with a little pricking device.If a kid reacts to the allergen, the skin will swell a little in that area.
  4. A little quantity of allergen is injected just under the skin.

    This test stings a little but isn’t extremely painful. After about 15 minutes, if a lump surrounded by a reddish area appears (like a mosquito bite) at the injection site, the test is positive.

Before your kid gets allergy shots, be certain to tell the doctor about any other medicines your kid takes.

Diagnosis

Seasonal allergies are fairly simple to identify because the pattern of symptoms returns from year to year following exposure to an allergen.

Talk with your doctor if you ponder your kid might own allergies. The doctor will enquire about symptoms and when they appear and, based on the answers and a physical exam, should be capable to make a diagnosis.

If not, the doctor may refer you to an allergist for blood tests or allergy skin tests.

To discover an allergy’s cause, allergists generally do skin tests in one of two ways:

  • sneezing
  • nasal congestion
  • In the U.S., 20 million people aged 18 years and over were diagnosed with hay fever in 2016, or 8.2 percent of the adult population. Nine percent of children, or 6.1 million, received a diagnosis.
  • Seasonal allergic rhinitis is more common in the spring, summer, and early fall.
  • itchy nose and/or throat
  • coughing
  • Symptoms are generally caused by allergic sensitivity to pollens from trees, grasses, or weeds, or to airborne mold spores.
  • clear, runny nose
  • A drop of a purified liquid form of the allergen is dropped onto the skin and the area is pricked with a little pricking device.If a kid reacts to the allergen, the skin will swell a little in that area.
  • Allergic rhinitis, often called hay fever, can cause sneezing, a stuffy or runny nose, watery eyes, and itching of the nose, eyes or the roof of the mouth.
  • A little quantity of allergen is injected just under the skin.

    This test stings a little but isn’t extremely painful. After about 15 minutes, if a lump surrounded by a reddish area appears (like a mosquito bite) at the injection site, the test is positive.

  • Treatment includes avoiding, eliminating, or decreasing exposure to allergens, medication, and immunotherapy, or allergy shots.

Even if a skin test or a blood test shows an allergy, a kid must also own symptoms to be definitively diagnosed with an allergy.

What are allergy shots excellent for

For example, a kid who has a positive test for grass pollen and sneezes a lot while playing in the grass would be considered allergic to grass pollen.

How Can I Discover an Allergist/Immunologist?

Ask your primary care doctor to recommend an allergist/immunologist. If a family member or friend sees an allergist/immunologist, enquire who they recommend. You also can search online at:

Why Are Allergy Shots Used?

An allergy is when the body’s immune system overreacts to a generally harmless substance.

Things that cause allergic reactions are called allergens. Common allergens include dust mites, molds, pollen, pets with fur or feathers, stinging insects, and foods.

The body reacts to the allergen by releasing chemicals, one of which is histamine. This release can cause symptoms such as wheezing, trouble breathing, coughing, a stuffy nose, and more. Some allergic reactions can be serious.

The best way to prevent or control allergy symptoms is to avoid allergens.

Allergists (doctors who identify and treat allergies) glance for causes of an allergic reaction with skin tests and blood tests. Based on the test results, they can recommend treatments, including medicines and ways to avoid allergens.

If these treatments don’t assist, the allergist might recommend allergy shots.

Signs and Symptoms

If your kid develops a «cold» at the same time every year, seasonal allergies might be to blame.

Allergy symptoms, which generally come on suddenly and final as endless as a person is exposed to the allergen, can include:

  1. itchy nose and/or throat
  2. nasal congestion
  3. clear, runny nose
  4. sneezing
  5. coughing

These symptoms often come with itchy, watery, and/or red eyes, which is called allergic conjunctivitis. Kids who own wheezing and shortness of breath in addition to these symptoms might own allergies that triggerasthma.

About Seasonal Allergies

«Achoo!» It’s your son’s third sneezing fit of the morning, and as you hand him another tissue you wonder if these cold-like symptoms — the sneezing, congestion, and runny nose — own something to do with the recent weather change.

If he gets similar symptoms at the same time every year, you’re likely right: seasonal allergies are at work.

Seasonal allergies, sometimes called «hay fever» or seasonal allergic rhinitis, are allergy symptoms that happen during certain times of the year, generally when outdoor molds release their spores, and trees, grasses, and weeds release tiny pollen particles into the air to fertilize other plants.

The immune systems of people who are allergic to mold spores or pollen treat these particles (called allergens) as invaders and release chemicals, including histamine, into the bloodstream to defend against them. It’s the release of these chemicals that causes allergy symptoms.

People can be allergic to one or more types of pollen or mold.

The type someone is allergic to determines when symptoms happen. For example, in the mid-Atlantic states, tree pollination is February through May, grass pollen runs from May through June, and weed pollen is from August through October — so kids with these allergies are likely to own increased symptoms at those times. Mold spores tend to peak midsummer through the drop, depending on location.

Even kids who own never had seasonal allergies in years past can develop them. Seasonal allergies can start at almost any age, though they generally develop by the time someone is 10 years ancient and reach their peak in the early twenties, with symptoms often disappearing later in adulthood.

How Can Parents Help?

Doctors give allergy shots with needles that are smaller than those used for most childhood vaccinations, so they’re less painful.

Still, for some kids a shot can seem scary. A parent’s positive and supportive attitude can assist. Treatment goes much better when parents are confident and committed to the immunotherapy.

While getting a shot, your kid can squeeze your hand, sing a song, watch a video, or use another distraction that will take the focus off the injection.

Understanding the benefits of allergy shots and how they work will assist you and your kid accept them as routine.

Spring is here… 5 things allergy sufferers need to know


While Connecticut enjoyed a mostly mild winter, allergists warn that spring allergy season continues to worsen each year.

Dr. Jigisha Morosky, an allergist/immunologist with Starling Physicians, addresses the most common questions about seasonal allergies.

How do you know if it is a freezing or allergy?

Sometimes it is hard for people to determine if sniffles, sneezes, sore throat and coughs are caused by allergies, a freezing or even sinusitis. Dr. Morosky explains that nasal allergy symptoms and common freezing symptoms are essentially identical. Variables we examine are exposure to an allergen, love pollen or a pet, the duration of symptoms – months versus 1 to 2 weeks, and if there is improvement while taking allergy medications.

Spring allergies can cause itchy water eyes, runny nose, scratchy throat, sneezing, coughing and even hives.

The symptoms of a freezing are often characterized by runny nose, sore throat and cough. Patients with severe seasonal allergies can feel extremely fatigued and own low grade fever (“hayfever”) making the distinction even harder.

Acute sinusitis is characterized by a stuffy or runny nose accompanied by pain in the forehead and/or over the cheeks. Often both the common freezing and allergies can cause swelling of the nasal passages, which prevent the sinuses from draining, then this can lead to sinusitis. Sinusitis can be treated with antibiotics, however it often recurs if due to uncontrolled allergies.

What are best over the counter methods to treat allergies?

To treat allergies, Dr.

Morosky recommends long-acting, non-sedating oral antihistamines such as Zyrtec or Allegra. Over the past one to two years, nasal steroid sprays such as Flonase and Nasacort own become available over the counter.

Dr. Morosky explains that nasal steroid sprays are a lot more effective then antihistamines. They own an effect on multiple diverse mediators and cells including the actual allergy cells in your nose, therefore improving every of your nasal symptoms caused by allergies.

Antihistamines only assist with decreasing the effect of histamine, therefore provide inadequate improvement for numerous patients.

However, Morosky warns not every nasal sprays are the same. Nasal decongestant sprays such as Afrin, can cause physical dependence in as little as two to three days of use, i.e. your nose becomes addicted to Afrin. She recommends minimizing use of such sprays.

Are there effective natural remedies?

For those who are seeking a natural treatment for any type of sinus congestion, Dr.

Morosky recommends nasal saline rinses love Neti Pots.

What are allergy shots excellent for

They assist rinse out every of the allergens  in your nasal passages are that triggering symptoms, wash out mucus and decrease swelling of the nasal tissues. Nasal saline rinses are safe and effective and own been around for centuries.

Morosky says that while there is anecdotal evidence that taking little amounts of local honey every day has relieved allergy symptoms for some, it has not been scientifically shown to be effective in treating seasonal allergies. Honey does however assist sooth a cough.

What is the best way to know if you own allergies?

Allergy testing is the most conclusive determination for allergies.

Dr. Morosky believes that everyone can benefit from skin allergy testing. Most patients own more sensitivities then they realize. For example, a lot of patients believe they are allergic to tree pollen, but testing often shows they are also allergic to grasses and weeds.

What are benefits of allergy shots?

Allergy shots, or immunotherapy injections, are an option for anyone who has identifiable aeroallergen sensitivities.

Shots are the most effective form of therapy since they actually change the immune system so that the person is not as allergic. They are especially beneficial for people who don’t desire to take medications or those that own inadequate control despite medications. Additionally, injections are a grand option for people who desire a long-term solution.
Most people who start to get allergy shots start seeing improvement within 2 to 3 months. Unfortunately, doctors typically do not start patients on allergy shots during their allergic pollen season, as it can contribute to increased risk for allergic reactions to the shots.

Watch Dr. Jigisha Morosky’s interview for treating spring allergies below:
Good Morning Connecticut News 8 WTNH

Where can I get help?
If you ponder you suffer from allergies, the critical first step is to identify what is causing the problem.

From there you can discover the best treatment to relieve the symptom while trying to prevent the cause of the illness.
Dr. Morosky and Family Nurse Practitioner, Elizabeth Doty, treat both adults and children in Enfield, Glastonbury, and Wethersfield.
To schedule an appointment, call (860) 749-7001.

Click here to study more about our Allergy Department

Hay fever, or allergic rhinitis, is a common condition with symptoms similar to those of a freezing. There may be sneezing, congestion, runny nose, and sinus pressure.

It is caused by an allergic response to airborne substances, such as pollen.

The time of year it happens depends on what substance, or allergen, the person reacts to.

Despite its name, hay fever does not mean that the person is allergic to hay and has a fever. Hay is hardly ever an allergen, and fever is not a symptom.

Allergic rhinitis is the fifth most common disease in the United States (U.S.).

This article is about hay fever, or allergic rhinitis. You can read about non-allergic rhinitis here.

Fast facts on hay fever

Here are some key points about hay fever.

More detail is in the main article.

  1. In the U.S., 20 million people aged 18 years and over were diagnosed with hay fever in 2016, or 8.2 percent of the adult population.

    What are allergy shots excellent for

    Nine percent of children, or 6.1 million, received a diagnosis.

  2. Seasonal allergic rhinitis is more common in the spring, summer, and early fall.
  3. Symptoms are generally caused by allergic sensitivity to pollens from trees, grasses, or weeds, or to airborne mold spores.
  4. Allergic rhinitis, often called hay fever, can cause sneezing, a stuffy or runny nose, watery eyes, and itching of the nose, eyes or the roof of the mouth.
  5. Treatment includes avoiding, eliminating, or decreasing exposure to allergens, medication, and immunotherapy, or allergy shots.

Even if a skin test or a blood test shows an allergy, a kid must also own symptoms to be definitively diagnosed with an allergy.

For example, a kid who has a positive test for grass pollen and sneezes a lot while playing in the grass would be considered allergic to grass pollen.

How Can I Discover an Allergist/Immunologist?

Ask your primary care doctor to recommend an allergist/immunologist. If a family member or friend sees an allergist/immunologist, enquire who they recommend.

What are allergy shots excellent for

You also can search online at:

Why Are Allergy Shots Used?

An allergy is when the body’s immune system overreacts to a generally harmless substance. Things that cause allergic reactions are called allergens. Common allergens include dust mites, molds, pollen, pets with fur or feathers, stinging insects, and foods.

The body reacts to the allergen by releasing chemicals, one of which is histamine.

What are allergy shots excellent for

This release can cause symptoms such as wheezing, trouble breathing, coughing, a stuffy nose, and more. Some allergic reactions can be serious.

The best way to prevent or control allergy symptoms is to avoid allergens. Allergists (doctors who identify and treat allergies) glance for causes of an allergic reaction with skin tests and blood tests. Based on the test results, they can recommend treatments, including medicines and ways to avoid allergens.

If these treatments don’t assist, the allergist might recommend allergy shots.

Signs and Symptoms

If your kid develops a «cold» at the same time every year, seasonal allergies might be to blame.

Allergy symptoms, which generally come on suddenly and final as endless as a person is exposed to the allergen, can include:

  1. itchy nose and/or throat
  2. nasal congestion
  3. clear, runny nose
  4. sneezing
  5. coughing

These symptoms often come with itchy, watery, and/or red eyes, which is called allergic conjunctivitis. Kids who own wheezing and shortness of breath in addition to these symptoms might own allergies that triggerasthma.

About Seasonal Allergies

«Achoo!» It’s your son’s third sneezing fit of the morning, and as you hand him another tissue you wonder if these cold-like symptoms — the sneezing, congestion, and runny nose — own something to do with the recent weather change.

If he gets similar symptoms at the same time every year, you’re likely right: seasonal allergies are at work.

Seasonal allergies, sometimes called «hay fever» or seasonal allergic rhinitis, are allergy symptoms that happen during certain times of the year, generally when outdoor molds release their spores, and trees, grasses, and weeds release tiny pollen particles into the air to fertilize other plants.

The immune systems of people who are allergic to mold spores or pollen treat these particles (called allergens) as invaders and release chemicals, including histamine, into the bloodstream to defend against them.

It’s the release of these chemicals that causes allergy symptoms.

People can be allergic to one or more types of pollen or mold. The type someone is allergic to determines when symptoms happen. For example, in the mid-Atlantic states, tree pollination is February through May, grass pollen runs from May through June, and weed pollen is from August through October — so kids with these allergies are likely to own increased symptoms at those times. Mold spores tend to peak midsummer through the drop, depending on location.

Even kids who own never had seasonal allergies in years past can develop them.

Seasonal allergies can start at almost any age, though they generally develop by the time someone is 10 years ancient and reach their peak in the early twenties, with symptoms often disappearing later in adulthood.

How Can Parents Help?

Doctors give allergy shots with needles that are smaller than those used for most childhood vaccinations, so they’re less painful. Still, for some kids a shot can seem scary. A parent’s positive and supportive attitude can assist. Treatment goes much better when parents are confident and committed to the immunotherapy.

While getting a shot, your kid can squeeze your hand, sing a song, watch a video, or use another distraction that will take the focus off the injection.

Understanding the benefits of allergy shots and how they work will assist you and your kid accept them as routine.

Spring is here… 5 things allergy sufferers need to know


While Connecticut enjoyed a mostly mild winter, allergists warn that spring allergy season continues to worsen each year.

Dr. Jigisha Morosky, an allergist/immunologist with Starling Physicians, addresses the most common questions about seasonal allergies.

How do you know if it is a freezing or allergy?

Sometimes it is hard for people to determine if sniffles, sneezes, sore throat and coughs are caused by allergies, a freezing or even sinusitis. Dr. Morosky explains that nasal allergy symptoms and common freezing symptoms are essentially identical.

What are allergy shots excellent for

Variables we examine are exposure to an allergen, love pollen or a pet, the duration of symptoms – months versus 1 to 2 weeks, and if there is improvement while taking allergy medications.

Spring allergies can cause itchy water eyes, runny nose, scratchy throat, sneezing, coughing and even hives. The symptoms of a freezing are often characterized by runny nose, sore throat and cough. Patients with severe seasonal allergies can feel extremely fatigued and own low grade fever (“hayfever”) making the distinction even harder.

Acute sinusitis is characterized by a stuffy or runny nose accompanied by pain in the forehead and/or over the cheeks.

Often both the common freezing and allergies can cause swelling of the nasal passages, which prevent the sinuses from draining, then this can lead to sinusitis. Sinusitis can be treated with antibiotics, however it often recurs if due to uncontrolled allergies.

What are best over the counter methods to treat allergies?

To treat allergies, Dr. Morosky recommends long-acting, non-sedating oral antihistamines such as Zyrtec or Allegra. Over the past one to two years, nasal steroid sprays such as Flonase and Nasacort own become available over the counter.

Dr. Morosky explains that nasal steroid sprays are a lot more effective then antihistamines.

They own an effect on multiple diverse mediators and cells including the actual allergy cells in your nose, therefore improving every of your nasal symptoms caused by allergies. Antihistamines only assist with decreasing the effect of histamine, therefore provide inadequate improvement for numerous patients.

However, Morosky warns not every nasal sprays are the same. Nasal decongestant sprays such as Afrin, can cause physical dependence in as little as two to three days of use, i.e.

your nose becomes addicted to Afrin. She recommends minimizing use of such sprays.

Are there effective natural remedies?

For those who are seeking a natural treatment for any type of sinus congestion, Dr. Morosky recommends nasal saline rinses love Neti Pots. They assist rinse out every of the allergens  in your nasal passages are that triggering symptoms, wash out mucus and decrease swelling of the nasal tissues. Nasal saline rinses are safe and effective and own been around for centuries.

Morosky says that while there is anecdotal evidence that taking little amounts of local honey every day has relieved allergy symptoms for some, it has not been scientifically shown to be effective in treating seasonal allergies.

Honey does however assist sooth a cough.

What is the best way to know if you own allergies?

Allergy testing is the most conclusive determination for allergies. Dr. Morosky believes that everyone can benefit from skin allergy testing. Most patients own more sensitivities then they realize. For example, a lot of patients believe they are allergic to tree pollen, but testing often shows they are also allergic to grasses and weeds.

What are benefits of allergy shots?

Allergy shots, or immunotherapy injections, are an option for anyone who has identifiable aeroallergen sensitivities. Shots are the most effective form of therapy since they actually change the immune system so that the person is not as allergic.

They are especially beneficial for people who don’t desire to take medications or those that own inadequate control despite medications. Additionally, injections are a grand option for people who desire a long-term solution.
Most people who start to get allergy shots start seeing improvement within 2 to 3 months. Unfortunately, doctors typically do not start patients on allergy shots during their allergic pollen season, as it can contribute to increased risk for allergic reactions to the shots.

Watch Dr.

Jigisha Morosky’s interview for treating spring allergies below:
Good Morning Connecticut News 8 WTNH

Where can I get help?
If you ponder you suffer from allergies, the critical first step is to identify what is causing the problem. From there you can discover the best treatment to relieve the symptom while trying to prevent the cause of the illness.
Dr. Morosky and Family Nurse Practitioner, Elizabeth Doty, treat both adults and children in Enfield, Glastonbury, and Wethersfield.
To schedule an appointment, call (860) 749-7001.

Click here to study more about our Allergy Department

Hay fever, or allergic rhinitis, is a common condition with symptoms similar to those of a freezing.

There may be sneezing, congestion, runny nose, and sinus pressure.

It is caused by an allergic response to airborne substances, such as pollen. The time of year it happens depends on what substance, or allergen, the person reacts to.

Despite its name, hay fever does not mean that the person is allergic to hay and has a fever. Hay is hardly ever an allergen, and fever is not a symptom.

Allergic rhinitis is the fifth most common disease in the United States (U.S.).

This article is about hay fever, or allergic rhinitis.

You can read about non-allergic rhinitis here.

Fast facts on hay fever

Here are some key points about hay fever. More detail is in the main article.

  1. In the U.S., 20 million people aged 18 years and over were diagnosed with hay fever in 2016, or 8.2 percent of the adult population.

    What are allergy shots excellent for

    Nine percent of children, or 6.1 million, received a diagnosis.

  2. Seasonal allergic rhinitis is more common in the spring, summer, and early fall.
  3. Symptoms are generally caused by allergic sensitivity to pollens from trees, grasses, or weeds, or to airborne mold spores.
  4. Allergic rhinitis, often called hay fever, can cause sneezing, a stuffy or runny nose, watery eyes, and itching of the nose, eyes or the roof of the mouth.
  5. Treatment includes avoiding, eliminating, or decreasing exposure to allergens, medication, and immunotherapy, or allergy shots.


Allergy medicines

Medicines for mild allergies are available from pharmacies without a prescription.

But always enquire a pharmacist or GP for advice before starting any new medicine, as they’re not suitable for everyone.

Decongestants

Decongestants can be used as a short-term treatment for a blocked nose caused by an allergic reaction.

They can be taken as tablets, capsules, nasal sprays or liquids.

Do not use them for more than a week at a time, as using them for endless periods can make your symptoms worse.

Antihistamines

Antihistamines are the main medicines for allergies.

They can be used:

  1. as and when you notice the symptoms of an allergic reaction
  2. to prevent allergic reactions – for example, you may take them in the morning if you own hay fever and you know the pollen count is high that day

Antihistamines can be taken as tablets, capsules, creams, liquids, eye drops or nasal sprays, depending on which part of your body is affected by your allergy.

Lotions and creams

Red and itchy skin caused by an allergic reaction can sometimes be treated with over-the-counter creams and lotions, such as:

  1. moisturising creams (emollients) to hold the skin moist and protect it from allergens
  2. calamine lotion to reduce itchiness
  3. steroids to reduce inflammation

Steroids

Steroid medicines can assist reduce inflammation caused by an allergic reaction.

They’re available as:

Sprays, drops and feeble steroid creams are available without a prescription.

Stronger creams, inhalers and tablets are available on prescription from a GP.


Avoiding exposure to allergens

The best way to hold your symptoms under control is often to avoid the things you’re allergic to, although this is not always practical.

For example, you may be capable to help manage:

  1. animal allergies by keeping pets exterior as much as possible and washing them regularly
  2. mould allergies by keeping your home dry and well-ventilated, and dealing with any damp and condensation
  3. hay fever by staying indoors and avoiding grassy areas when the pollen count is high
  4. food allergies by being careful about what you eat
  5. dust mite allergies by using allergy-proof duvets and pillows, and fitting wooden floors rather than carpets


Immunotherapy (desensitisation) 

Immunotherapy may be an option for a little number of people with certain severe and persistent allergies who are unable to control their symptoms using the measures above.

The treatment involves being given occasional little doses of the allergen, either as an injection, or as drops or tablets under the tongue, over the course of several years.

The injection can only be performed in a specialist clinic under the supervision of a doctor, as there’s a little risk of a severe reaction.

The drops or tablets can generally be taken at home.

The purpose of treatment is to help your body get used to the allergen so it does not react to it so severely.

This will not necessarily cure your allergy, but it’ll make it milder and mean you can take less medicine.


Symptoms

Symptoms can start at diverse times of the year, depending on what substance the patient is allergic to.

A person who is allergic to a common pollen will own more severe symptoms when the pollen count is high.

Common symptoms include:

  1. watery eyes
  2. sneezing
  3. itchy throat
  4. a blocked, itchy, or runny nose

Severe symptoms may include:

  1. headaches
  2. loss of smell and taste
  3. facial pain caused by blocked sinuses
  4. sweats
  5. itchiness spreading from the throat to the nose and ears

Some people may experience tiredness or fatigue, irritability, and insomnia.

People with asthma may experience more wheezing and breathlessness at times when hay fever symptoms are common.


Treating severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis)

Some people with severe allergies may experience life-threatening reactions, known as anaphylaxis or anaphylactic shock.

If you’re at risk of this, you’ll be given special injectors containing a medicine called adrenaline to use in an emergency.

If you develop symptoms of anaphylaxis, such as difficulty breathing, you should inject yourself in the outer thigh before seeking emergency medical assist.

Find out more about treating anaphylaxis


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