What allergies cause blocked nose
Nasal congestion, also called a stuffy nose, is often a symptom of another health problem such as a sinus infection. It may also be caused by the common freezing.
Nasal congestion is marked by:
- a stuffy or runny nose
- mucus buildup
- sinus pain
- swollen nasal tissue
Home remedies may be enough to alleviate nasal congestion, particularly if it’s caused by the common freezing.
However, if you experience long-term congestion, you may need medical treatment.
Home remedies for nasal congestion
Home remedies can assist when you’re experiencing nasal congestion.
Humidifiers that add moisture to the air may assist to break up mucus and soothe inflamed nasal passageways.
However, if you own asthma, enquire your doctor before using a humidifier.
Propping your head up on pillows can also urge mucus to flow out of your nasal passages.
Saline sprays are safe for every ages, but for babies you’ll need to use an aspirator, or nasal bulb, afterward.
An aspirator is used to remove any remaining mucus from the baby’s nose.
Causes of nasal congestion
Congestion is when your nose becomes stuffed up and inflamed. Minor illnesses are the most common causes of nasal congestion.
For instance, a freezing, the flu, and sinus infections can every cause stuffy noses. Illness-related congestion generally improves within one week.
If it lasts longer than one week, it’s often a symptom of an underlying health issue. Some explanations for long-term nasal congestion may be:
Nasal congestion may also happen during pregnancy, generally during the finish of the first trimester. Hormonal fluctuations and increased blood supply that happen during pregnancy may cause this nasal congestion.
These changes may affect the nasal membranes, causing them to become inflamed, dry, or to bleed.
Infants and children
Nasal congestion can be more threatening in infants than in older children and adults. Symptoms can interfere with baby feedings and can even lead to fatal breathing problems. It may also prevent normal lecture and hearing development.
For these reasons, it’s significant to contact your pediatrician correct away if your baby has nasal congestion. Your doctor can then work with you to discover the best treatment options for your baby.
Treatment for congestion
After your doctor has sure the cause of chronic nasal congestion, they can recommend a treatment plan.
Treatment plans often include over-the-counter or prescription medication to resolve or alleviate symptoms.
Medications used to treat nasal congestion include:
- oral antihistamines to treat allergies, such as loratadine (Claritin) and cetirizine (Zyrtec)
- nasal sprays that contain antihistamines, such as azelastine (Astelin, Astepro)
- nasal steroids, such as mometasone (Asmanex Twisthaler) or fluticasone (Flovent Diskus, Flovent HFA)
- over-the-counter or prescription-strength decongestants
If you own tumors or nasal polyps in your nasal passages or sinuses that are keeping mucus from draining out, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove them.
When you should see a doctor
Sometimes, home remedies aren’t enough to relieve congestion, particularly if your symptoms are caused by another health condition.
In this case, medical treatment may be needed, especially if your condition is painful and interfering with your everyday activities.
If you’ve experienced any of the following, see your doctor correct away:
- congestion lasting longer than 10 days
- green nasal discharge along with sinus pain and fever
- congestion accompanied by a high fever lasting more than 3 days
- a weakened immune system, asthma, or emphysema
You should also see your doctor correct away if you’ve had a recent head injury and are now having bloody nasal discharge or a constant flow of clear discharge.